Genitive is kind of like possessive, as in, who or what the object belongs to (or where it comes from etc.). In English there are requirements as to where words are placed in a sentence for their meaning, but Russian word order is almost completely fluid, meaning that nouns are essentially conjugated to tell what purpose they have in a sentence.
There are six different cases that tell what properties or attributes a noun has or what question it answers, and you can read all about it here: https://www.thoughtco.com/russian-cases-4768614
Дженни is not declinable. Foreign names are treated differently depending on their type:
- Female names like Maria, Cinderella, Theresa (usually ending with "a") are declined like Russian female words.
- Male names like John, Tom, Alexander, Joseph, Michael (usually ending with a consonant) are declined like Russian male words.
- Female and male names like Jenny, Billy, Timothy, Mary (ending with Y), Ann, Elizabeth, Jane (female names ending with a consonant or a consonant sound) are not declined.
I wrote "The jenny has a plate", why is this wrong? And, could anybody explain to me how to differenciate -in Russian- between these senteces: 1- "The jenny has a plate" 2- "The jenny has the plate" 3- "A jenny has a plate" 4- "A jenny has the plate" These sentences have different meanings. How could I express that?
I'm a little confused about using est, and est'. How do you differentiate between when one has something, and when one is eating something? I just noticed in this lesson that earlier " est " meant eating, and now in this context " est' " means she has a plate. So is that how to tell the two apart? When " est " is by itself, it means to eat, and if it has " ' " at the end, it means to have?
it is a possessive form. you should use next rules:
+: "У" + "Genitive Pronoun" + "есть" + "Nominative case noun". У меня есть тарелка; У тебя есть кошка; У нас есть стол
-: "У" + "Genitive Pronoun" + "нет" + "Genitive case noun" У меня нет тарелки; У тебя нет кошки; У нас нет стола