"My girlfriend likes sleeping here very much."
Translation:Моя девушка очень любит здесь спать.
Could someone please explain why the following word order was marked incorrect? "Здесь моя девушка любит спать очень много." I thought the general rule was to begin the sentence with what was being emphasized, i.e., the notion of sleeping here vs. somewhere else. Also, why doesn't the adverb оченЬ modify the adverb много the way it would in English? Thank you in advance.
As a native speaker of Russian, I can tell you in what cases I would expect to hear just such a phrase. If you went on vacation in the country for fresh air or in another country or flew to another planet, and now you tell someone that your girl began to sleep here much more than usual. )
Once you understand the basics, it gets easier as you practice more. Try coming up with your own sentences and use Google Translate or other tools to help. It may also help to use additional resources, such as "The New Penguin Russian Course" book to get a better understanding of grammar rules.
I just noticed that if I am using duolingo at home on my computer through the website, each lesson has a breakdown of what is being taught. When I'm not home and using the duolingo app there isn't the light bulb option of reading the lesson breakdown for Russian. Thank you for the additional resources and encouragement by the way!
"Нравиться" actually means "is pleasing to", so "Мне нравится твоя собака" means literally "Your dog is pleasing to me". Here "твоя собака" is the grammatical subject, so it's in the nominative case. "Me" is the one who is pleased, so it's in the dative: "мне".
In your example the correct form would be "моей девушке", both adjective and noun in the dative case.
There is subtle difference here and it is hard to grasp. I'll try to explain. The lesson proposal focuses on the girl. You're talking about her. .
In your example, the location is more important. Maybe you describe your home or your apartment. And this shift of meaning in translation is not always approved. I don't think it's too bad.