Why are (unstressed) "у" pronounced like a (stressed) "о" in most of the audio? Is this correct?
And there seems to be the same matter for "e", e.g. тарелка as "taryolka" Quite confused by Russian pronunciation
Why эту? They simply didn't explain anything about that. How am I supposed to know that?
If you say Он знает твою девочку, it follows the same rule as эту. It is linked to the word next to it.
But without ever seeing it in the course, you would maybe never know that твоя becomes твою (tvoy"U"), or that эта becomes эту in the accusative case. They could have precise it in the notes of the course, but it may be more effective to let you meet this situation and figure out yourself at the moment (if you think enough).
I see now...I have studied Russian previously, but I don't remember everything, so some tips would be good.
"Эта" follows the case of the noun (like an adjective). So эта девочка - (я вижу) эту девочку - (я иду с) этой девочкой - (нет) этой девочки etc
ма́ма → ма́му
‧ Accusative Case ‧ whenever a verb, like "read", "cut" or "want" acts directly on some noun, the latter is a direct object. Such nouns take the Accusative case. ‧ ‧ Only feminine nouns ending in -а / -я have a separate form. «Мама» is a good example of this class ‧ ‧ www.duolingo.com/skill/ru/Accusative-Case%3A-the-direct-object/tips-and-notes ‧
‧ Russian adjectives ‧ agree with the noun in case, gender, and number ‧ en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_declension#Adjectives ‧
Hi. I wanted to make a suggestion regarding the Duolingo interface. Along with the answer, there should be a "view explanation" button which gives a short but useful description of the new concept in the sentence. E.g. the above sentence would have the explanation: "eto becomes etu when placed next to devochku".
I agree. The german course is better because it has a small explaination guide next to the key and it has stories mode. Smh the russian course needs to step up.
You mean this?:
- Savoir = I know how to do something, I know that fact, etc. A deep knowledge of something, maybe that you learned in books, in TV, but didn't learn it really by doing it yourself (even when you learned how to do something, because you learned it in a book first, then practiced it).
- Connaitre = To know a person, to know the way, to know something I studied, etc. A more "simple" knowledge of something, maybe that you learned by yourself.
P.S: I'm supposing the difference of those two words. I'm a native french speaker and I just know when to use those words, not really why haha!
Sounds like Spanish "saber" and "conocer". Even German, "wissen" and "kennen". But Russian...?
No, Russian, like English, has only one word for "to know" - "знать". It's used for both knowing a person and knowing a fact.
"Он знает эту девочку." - "He knows this girl."
"Он знает, что Земля круглая." - "He knows that the Earth is round."
When is a sentence accusative? With want and know ... Does anyone have a good link with a better explanation I am a little confused.
Wikipedia does an okay job explaining it. The etymology helped me: It would be better named the "blamed" case, as it refers to nouns conjugated as objects of a verb. The closest you get in English is "They like them" (the object form).
Transitive Verbs take Direct Objects in the Accusative Case. Indirect Objects are in the Dative Case.
‧ Nominal declension involves six cases – ‧ en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_grammar ‧
‧ Case is a special grammatical category of a noun, pronoun, adjective, participle or numeral whose value reflects the grammatical function performed by that word in a phrase, clause or sentence. ‧ en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grammatical_case ‧
‧ Accusative Case (abbreviated acc) of a noun is the grammatical case used to mark the direct object of a transitive verb. ‧ en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Accusative_case ‧
‧ In grammar, inflection is the modification of a word to express different grammatical categories such as tense, case, voice, aspect, person, number, gender, and mood. The inflection of verbs is also called conjugation, and one can refer to the inflection of nouns, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, determiners, participles, prepositions, postpositions, numerals, articles etc., as declension. ‧ An inflection expresses one or more grammatical categories with a prefix, suffix or infix, or another internal modification such as a vowel change ‧ en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inflection ‧ ‧
It's really not that complicated. Almost all sentences are noun verb noun and the second noun will be accusative unless there is a to in front of it or there is something else strange going on.
What gender would you consider "знает"? I get the impression it's neuter.