"That" mean exactly the same as "this". The rule is do not repeat it in the same sentence. E.g "Could you carry this bag, I will take that one". "What is that? This is my pen" or "What's this? That is my key" I asked it last year to my english teacher because I never knew when and how using "that" instead of "this". I hope it's helping
"This" and "that" don't mean exactly the same thing. The difference is the proximity to the speaker. "This" is generally used to indicate something close to the speak. For example, I might say "This is my pen" when referring to a pen in my hand whereas I might say "That is my pen" when pointing to a pen on a desk.
Print the Cyrillic alphabet and write it on a piece of paper a few times per day for a few weeks. Write the English alphabet next to it each time you're done with the Cyrillic alphabet That method worked pretty well for me.
That is correct and I only learnt the typing variant. I don't think you'll find a lot of use for the hand-written script on-line and the Russian course I am taking doesn't encourage using it (but does go into it for a few pages).
By the way, get yourself one of those cheapo Russian-English USB keyboards from Ebay. Get started with that right away once you have the hang of the alphabet. I felt much more confident once I knew how to type semi-blind on a Russian keyboard and learning became more fun (and I was able to complete assignments faster).
Glad you found some online videos showing you how to write Cyrillic in cursive. I don't know if your search led you to this video:
but I have found it to be one of the better ones. Although, I have not watched the entire video, initial impressions were good.
Brown University used to have a very slick Cyrillic cursive demonstration web page, but it appears you may now have to be a student of Brown to access it. The video above may actually be better because it shows a real human being writing out the script. Brown's site showed you how the letters were formed, but without a hand involved in the process.
Hope that was helpful.
If you are having issues hearing pronunciation of the alphabets, Duolingo has an explanation that I found. I don't know if it'll suffice, but you can find this ("Tips & Notes") on the upper left of your ongoing activity. I hope this helps :). Sometimes the speaker is very fast, so I also suggest using google translate to hear it better.
I have spent the last 2 weeks trying to learn more about Russian pronunciation. My answer to your question is that the standard Russian pronunciation for это, written in IPA, is /'ɛtə/. (That comes from Wiktionary.) The ɛ is pronounced as [e] in bed and the ə is pronounced as [a] in ago. Therefore, an English transliteration comes out as éh-tuh or éh-tah. Just as with any language, not all speakers use what is considered standard. In this case, the speaker is speaking so fast, it is difficult to understand exactly what she is saying but to me it is éh-tuh. However, when she slides into мой, the result sort of sounds like é-tom.
The Russian word это is used, and the Duolingo English translation for it reads "This/The/-", which can't be correct because it would result in the English translation having capitalized common words in any place but the beginning of a sentence. That is to say, the Duolingo translation should read "this/the/-".
Какая разница между "This is" and "it is"? Постоянно пишу it is, но пишет, что можно еще говорить This is.
I have a Russian keyboard installed. One problem - punctuation. The Russian keyboard doesn't seem to have a comma, a period, or a question mark (or exclamation mark, semi-colon, colon, apostrophe, quotation marks...) Since you are a moderator, I figure you'd know - surely the Russians punctuate!
The period and the comma are right next to the right Shift key. Weird, I know—and, come to think of it, unwise (comma is used more often, yet it is "uppercase").
You have an exclamation mark on 1 and a question mark on 7 (3 has a numero sign № instead of a sharp #). You'll find a semicolon and a colon on 4 and 6 respectively.
Neither the English nor the Russian keyboard has quotation marks. You can use the double quote " found on the 2 key. It is what Russians use.
However, keyboards do not have the typographic French quotation marks («»). Nor do they have an em dash (—). So if you are taking it that seriously you usually find other ways of typing the missing symbols: you can memorize their codes, you can use auto replacement or you can install a typographic layout which has them conveniently placed.