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  5. "У кошки нет молока."

"У кошки нет молока."

Translation:The cat does not have milk.

November 5, 2015



The reason its кошки and not кошкы is the spelling rules. You can not write ы after к, г, х, ж, ч, ш, or щ. Always use и instead.

Usually, feminine nouns that end in А drop the A in the genitive and replace it with ы. For example, велосипед мамы = mom's bike.


Thanks, this is exactly the kind of helpful information we need!


This is the best comment I've seen on duolingo so far. Thank you!


Thanks, that's very helpful, but then how do you make cat plural?



and check this website, you can find all Russian words in all Declensions



same page in English, you have to scroll down to Russian section then click on Declension of ко́шка



What is declension????


I love you, thank you


So, I'm slowly starting to think that, if I use 'У', then not only does 'кошка' have to be in the genitive, but so does 'молоко'. Is this correct? (If it is, I'm an idiot. XD)

My question, specifically is the following;

Are both of them in genitive? (I'm leaning towards 'yes', obviously.) And is that because 'кошка' is in genitive, necessitating the genitive of 'молоко' or is that because I use нет in the sentence? So, if I had 'I have' instead of 'I do not have', would it be 'У кошки есть молоко' or 'У кошки есть молока'? (I can't actually remember from previous lessons, argh..)

Previous lesson info, get!

Alright, so, the previous lessons have structures such as: 'У папы есть брат и сестра'. Both 'брат' and 'сестра' are in the nominative case, so it looks like the reason 'молоко' is in the genitive case here ('молока') is because of the presence of 'Нет' in the sentence. ... as is clearly described in the Tips & Notes for Genitives 1.

.. Well, at least now I know it? :)


Haha, congrats on figuring it out on your own! That was actually fun to read :)


I'm glad to hear it. XD

One of the major plus points of figuring things out for myself is that they generally tend to stick longer. That, and it's always good to confirm for yourself that you are not, in fact, an idiot. I was seriously doubting myself there, though, hehe. :)

And if my ramblings help other people get the language faster, then, well, by all means. 8)


Wutsup..any idea where these tips/notes are able to be accessed from..?


They don't seem to be available on the app, but if you got to the website, they are there.


Oooh, thank you for sharing. That explains a lot!


Congrats, Sherlock :)


У + (genitive) есть + (nominative)

У + (genitive) нет +(genitive)


so...what do you do for plural genitive then? is russian not able to do plurals with possession?


ко́шек. I know it's super confusing.


I read that before (correct me if i'm wrong) You have to put an "o" or "e" among the last consonants just if the word is a femenine noun and it's respective nominative ends with and "a"

Девушка (nom. singular) Девушек (gen. plural)

Кошка (nom. singular) Кошек (gen. plural)

But my cuestion is, when do you know which one you should use??? "o" or "e"... it could work if i said "кошкок"?


I would tell you, but I don't know Russian. lol From what I've researched, you're talking about the vowel reduction in the plural genitive case with feminine -а endings. But I'm not sure of the rules, if there are any at all. BTW it's not with all of them, for example nominative singular рабо́та becomes genitive plural рабо́т. As far as I know, vowel reduction only occurs when there is no vowel for the last syllable as demonstrated in your examples above. I guess I know more than I thought. Hopefully a native speaker will see this because now I want to know.


Well, for plural genitive you do... plural genitive. The fact they haven't been taught here so far does not mean they don't exist. They will be covered later in the course.


is кошки not plural for cat?


It's the plural of cat, but it's also the genitive singular case of cat.


Don't worry - caught me out too. I'm not really getting this genitive thing yet.


I guess this is a sound attitude ...just try and try and make mistakes ...and learn in this process :-)


Why is the word "milk" also in the genitive in this sentence?


I'm a beginner too - but as I understand it, because of the нет. The "cat" is genitive because it's doing the possessing (or rather, in this instance, the NOT possessing), the "milk" is genitive because it's in a state of non-existence. So two different uses of the genitive in the same sentence. Somebody please correct me if I've got this all wrong!


Tina has it right. The best way to remember that it is genitive is that the genitive often expresses the concept "of." Imagine yourself saying you have "none OF that" in cases like this, and it'll help you remember. :-)


Am I the only one who didn't understand a thing ?


Dont worry, no one understands cases at first. You will


Not "A cat"? Reported.


The cat. The way the sentence is phrased implies that it is the one specific cat, so therefore it is "the cat".


Can someone get this cat some milk?




Again, (since it helps me to understand who is the possessor) does this sentence literally mean

"The milk is not of the cat"? Thanks.


Well, to say it very literally: With the cat, there is not of milk. У кошки нет молока. The preposition у takes the noun in genitive, thus кошки is in genitive singular (and the genitive singular here is the same as the nominative plural), нет is не and есть put together as one word, thus forming 'there isn't', and then молока is milk in genitive, since after нет, a noun is in genitive. Uff, this got long, but I hope I could help :)


Ah, thank you for this explanation! спасибо!




for anyone who thinks this is confusing. it is at first, but you do learn it after awhile. Coming back to this lesson after a year it doesn't seem so confusing you just get used to it


Very good explanation!! A lingot for you


Большое спасибо :D


I think very literally it's "By [the] cat not be milk"


you're not supposed to give cats milk yall


I don't have a problem with the genitive молока, but isn't the subject (nominative) plural: кошки cats?


The preposition "у" governs the genitive case. "Кошка" in genitive singular is "кошки", and this form is identical to the nominative plural "кошки", that is probably where the confusion lies. I hope this is useful :)


From what I've learned, Koshki is the plural of koshka. So why did they use a plural for a singular?!


There are lots of conjugations needed and only so many letters to go around so they share a bit.


It depends on the context. Some English words also have a double meaning, a verb or a noun.


I think this app shouldn't be used alone. It just makes too many confusions. I think there must be regular grammar lessons explaing grammar rules, not just show a sentence and leave you in confusion. The app is just great for learning words and some phrases that do not need any serious grammar. I'm dissapointed.


I completely agree. I often find it helpful to use other sites for my practice on some days, even though it means I can't hold a streak on duo.

If anyone is interested, two good free resources I have found for this are: https://www.youtube.com/user/russiangrammar



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'The cat does not have any milk' should surely be allowed


I translated this correctly from context. However, if I was speaking it, I would think there should be a есть after кошки. Why is it omitted in this sentence?


As I understand it, нет is the opposite of есть, which means that using both is.. counter intuitive? Anyone know better, feel free to correct me, though. Obviously, I'm not a native speaker. :)


Ah! OK. Thank you for pointing that out. Now that I can see that the two words are related, it really makes a lot of sense. Thank you for filling in the missing link! (BTW, how were you able to write in ital. in your post?)


No problem! That's what we're here for. :)

If you want to know all the post formatting options, there's a link somewhere in the discussions that has all of them, but I never remember all (or the link, unfortunately, hehe).

You can create italics by using asterisks in front and after the word you want emphasised. So * emphasis * becomes emphasis.

Similarly, using two asterisks after one another * emphasis * becomes emphasis.

Well, that was a spectacular show of formatting, but either way, one asterisk = italics, two asterisks = bold.) Hope that helps!


Why is "the cat" and no "cat"?


"Cat does not have milk" just doesn't make sense in English. You need one of the articles (a, the) 99% of the time :)


How would one write "the cats don't have milk"?


Should be: У кошек нет молока.


What does mean of Does not That must be does haven't


In English, the phrase 'does not' is used to imply the not having of an item, in this case the milk. 'Does haven't' is not correct English and is not accepted by Duo.


Блын грамматика русский очень трудний i hope my spelling is correct


Блин грамматика русского очень трудна is correct


The cat doesn't have milk and the cat has no milk have the same meaning. However one of them it's wrong


How do I know when a sentence is in a genitive case and when it is in some other case?


Words that follow "у" or "нет" are genitive.


why does the correct answer have 'have' in it? It doesnt show есть


It's the "у" that translates as "have".


Ok about genitive. So how do you say "the cats do not have milk" ?

i guess i can't use "кошки "

when there is genitive case, the plural of the words changes?


Okay so the rule for genitive plural (for feminine) is you strip off the а/я at the end and then if what's left ends in two consonants you add an е between them (because otherwise it would be hard to say). So that makes кошек. It's the same rule for neuter nouns. Masculine is different where they just add -ов.


Why is it кошки and not кошка? ( sorry I am a bit slow... )


Because it is plural. Russian plurals can be ы or и.


This is incorrect. Whilst кошки is the plural of кошка, that is not the reason here - we are only talking about one cat. кошки also happens to be the genitive form of кошка - same spelling, completely different reason.


Doesn't and does not its the same


Can someone please explain what a genative is?


In English, genitive means words with "of" in front of them, or " 's " after them. These also translate into genitive in Russian. Also there a other words in Russian where the next word must be genitive. These include у, нет, от, из, возле, без and много.


It looks like the cats have no milk to me


The audio is wrong. The genitive of молоко́ is молока́, not моло́ка.


What happened to the milk? Why is it now молока? Milk is молоко.


After нет a word has to be genitive, so молоко becomes молока.


Why is кошки suddenly singular?


Here, it is the genitive form of кошка. Confusingly, for beginners, it's exactly the same spelling as the plural, but that's just a linguistic quirk.


Can someone please give me a proper definition of genitive


See my response to morty227551.


Кошки means The cats and not the cat.


The who has the milk. It is missing from morning.


Why is it нет "no" and not не "isn't"?


Не is actually more "not" than "isn't".

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