Вот is used in "Here is .."/ "Here are .." sentences when you "show" an object to a listener.
Здесь (or тут, won't matter) means literally "here". This place.
For neuter nouns it is normal. It is «яблоки» which does not follow the pattern:
- яйцо́ → я́йца
- окно́ → о́кна
- полоте́нце → полоте́нца
- мо́ре → моря́
- о́блако → облака́
(eggs, windows, towels, seas and clouds respectively)
Note the Ц in полотенце; it forces а instead of я. It also forces the word to end in Е because spelling rules require that only Е, not О, can follow Ц if the syllable is not stressed.
Thanks. I forgot about the spelling rule, which made me confused. Give you a Lingot :)
Truth be told, I do not remember half of the combinations these rules prescribe at all. It all comes with experience. There is the way to optimise it, though:
- the rule about КГХ + ЖШЩЧ is the most important for a beginner, especially for К. Девочки, мальчики, кошки.... So many plurals to get wrong
- remember that for velars (К, Г, Х) these rules are phonological and affect pronuncaition. If you remember how the word is pronounced, trust your ears
- remember that for Ш, Ж, Щ, Ч, Ц the rules are just a historical spelling convention. Their palatalization is set in stone, so жя, шя, щя would be pronounced the same as жа, ша, ща — there is literally no other sound they can make.
- memorize a word to illustrate the spelling of a certain combination. For Ц, I think, яйцо́ (egg) and се́рдце (heart) will work
I also put that following the rule that the "old" or known information goes first and the "new" or most important information goes last...
This complexity makes me feel like tossing the towel ;-( But your brains and dedication to helping those slower ones are MOST encouragi.g and appreciated! LINGOTS 2 U!!!
It is полотенце. Neuter nouns regularly produce а (or я) ending plurals. Яблоко is an exception, as are neuter or neuter-looking diminutives produced with -к- (e.g. окно→окошко, кольцо→колечко, зерно→зёрнышко, полотенце→полотенчико, место→местечко)
how do you know its plural, cause i know about the bi (russian lettering, english keybord) but what about when its not there