Translation:I am lost.
Does that mean "perdido/perdida" is an adjective and not a verb (gerund), and can be used as such? por ejemplo.... Buscamos un niña perdida. (similar to cansado/cansada)
niscate- In this sentence, yes, it is. With a noun perdida becomes adjective, with an auxiliary to have or to be, it becomes a participle.
Then, if it is a participle, why does the ending change like an adjective? I thought it was the conjugated past tense of a verb paired with the verb "to be" - or am I confusing that with a "perfect tense"? ¡Ayuda!
It is an adjective here. Estar does not work as an auxiliary here, only in progressive tenses.
Perfect tenses are where the participio form remains unchanged:
- ella ha perdido; ellos habían perdido; ...
- ella está perdida; ellos estuvieron perdidos; ...
Is it common to pronounce estoy as este or is that just a fluke of the DL voice pkayback?
I am a native spanish speaker. DL's girl voice does not have a good pronunciation.
perdido is a participle in this sentence. In Spanish they are also used often as adjectives. Examples: Se han podrido laperas. (They have gone rotten.) Está podrido por dentro. (It is rotten inside.). to rot = podrir (irregular) Susanna, I could give you hundreds of examples. You have been seeing them all along, but haven't realized that a lot of adjectives come from the participle of verbs.
talca- in the Duo sentence it's a participle, but it can also be a noun, corrupt, reprobate.
"Lost" is probably considered to be a state or condition, readily-changeable, and different from normal, all of which are usually indicators of "estar" rather than "ser."
Just to confuse things Duolingo's male voice says 'estoy perdida'. Or it is a woman with a very deep voice?
So which Is correct : "Estoy perdido" or "estoy perdido". DL seems to accept both.
It depends on the gender of the speaker. A woman would say "estoy perdida", a man, "estoy perdido".
I listened to the sentence several times, and it did not sound like "Estoy" I wish the DL narrator spoke more clearly.
Perdido for male subject, perdida for female subject Enfermo/enferma Cansado/cansada Contento/contenta