Russian Noun Declension Guide

Russian cases can be tricky for speakers of languages which do not feature cases.

There are 6 Cases in Russian.


This is the basic form of a noun. This is the form you would look for in a dictionary.



There are of course irregulars but I might add them in a later state.


The Dative Case marks the indirect object of a sentence. Example : I give to book to my friend > я даю книгу подруге.



The Accusative Case marks the direct object of a sentence. Example : I see a book > я вижу книгу. NAME NAME





Thats It! Not that hard :) I will later on add another guide on Adjective Cases, Pronoun Cases, Possessive Adjective Cases and Irregulars.

Thank You! I hope this will help you!

P.s. I noticed that there's a mistake in the 'When to Use' parts. (......... case is use a lot) And Moderators could you please make this a sticky. :)

November 5, 2015

  • 1292

here's the table for pronouns. should be handy

November 7, 2015

I love you so much for that post !!!!

January 3, 2017

Instrumental: им/ним, ей/ней, ими/ними depends on a preposition

April 11, 2019

HUGE lifeboat thrown! Thanks a lot sir :)!

May 20, 2019

Fix this post please, declension is always the great task to learn a language.

November 5, 2015

Yes, this topic should be definitely sticked!

November 6, 2015

Not to steal anyone's thunder, but I've put together several declension tables in what I believe is a simpler, easier to understand format. Have a look at:

Nouns & Russian Spelling Rules:

Personal Pronouns:

Non-Reflexive Possessive Pronouns

Reflexive Personal Pronouns Свой, Себя & Сам:

Prepositions, Case of Objects, and Meaning:

Determiners & Interrogatives (with a few adjectives, like всё):

March 24, 2019

Боже мой! Thank goodness Russian doesn't have a vocative case. Oh, wait...

November 6, 2015

In my oppinion the vocative case (in Ukrainian or Greek for example) is not really hard to learn but makes the language much more beatiful )))

November 6, 2015

Actually, Russian does have the vocative case for many personal names:
Елена - Лен
Иван - Вань
an so on, but it only used for informal conversation.

November 6, 2015

These words also have the 'new vocative':
мама - мам
папа - пап
дядя - дядь

дедушка (дед) - деда
сын - сына
дочь - доча

November 7, 2015
  • 1292

we have it as archaic and non-everyday words like this:

  • отец = отче

  • бог = боже

November 7, 2015

There is also "господи!" ("Господи Иисусе!")

April 11, 2019

This is great summary! I always love it when someone puts it into an organized table :)

November 6, 2015

Thank You! :)

November 6, 2015

Thank you so much for posting this, it's nice to have them all put together like that! I'm looking forward to your next guide on the declension of adjectives and pronouns. Here are some lingots for you! :)

November 5, 2015

Thank You!

November 5, 2015

Typo in Genitive: "дргуга" instead of "друга".

November 7, 2015

yeah... there are a couple typos.

November 7, 2015

Thank you! Russian is currently my number one FAVORITE foreign language to listen to, (followed closely by Japanese.) and for a little over a year now I've been trying to learn how to speak it, so this helps a bunch!

November 5, 2015

Thank you. :)

November 5, 2015

Excellent post, very helpful! Thank you =)

November 5, 2015

You're Welcome! :)

November 5, 2015

Wow, I've never heard of a prepositional case. Was this one of the original 8 cases in Proto-Indo-European?

November 5, 2015

The Prepositional Case is like the Slavic version of the Locative. :)

November 5, 2015

Actually, the Prepositional Case is the Locative + one more function (counstructions with preposition "о" [about])

November 6, 2015

Though Russian also has a locative case:

  • о лесе "about the forest" (prepositional case)
  • в лесу "in the forest" (locative case)

Only in a few nouns, though, I think, is the locative case separate from prepositional.

November 8, 2015

I really wish someone had explained that to me a long time ago, I think the notes in the Duolingo course are the first time I've seen it. I think probably it's an attempt to make things "easier", but for me I'm sure being told it was a remnant of the locative, rather than them just being weird exceptions, would've been way more helpful.

November 8, 2015

I made a Memrise course for these. It is at

There are 176 of these words in the course, as of my last count. That is probably not all such words in Russian, but very close. :)

December 7, 2016

отлично вот lingot

September 24, 2017

First, It is a really great summary!

Second, I would add an information about using Prepositional/Accusative case with prepositions of place. That's what I mean:

A book is on the table - Книга лежит на столЕ
He put the book on the table - Он кладёт книгу на стол.

November 6, 2015

Thanks for that!

November 6, 2015

Is it possible to link us to a print friendly version of this?

November 6, 2015

You found it! Thankssss.

November 6, 2015

You can print this I think. :D

November 6, 2015

Sure Russian cases make me crazy. Ughhh.

November 20, 2017

This post is wonderful <3

June 19, 2018

Looks intimidating....

August 7, 2018
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