https://www.duolingo.com/Verner5

Russian Noun Declension Guide

Russian cases can be tricky for speakers of languages which do not feature cases.

There are 6 Cases in Russian.

NOMINATIVE

This is the basic form of a noun. This is the form you would look for in a dictionary.

GENITIVE

NAME NAME NAME

There are of course irregulars but I might add them in a later state.

DATIVE

The Dative Case marks the indirect object of a sentence. Example : I give to book to my friend > я даю книгу подруге.

NAME NAME

ACCUSATIVE

The Accusative Case marks the direct object of a sentence. Example : I see a book > я вижу книгу. NAME NAME

INSTRUMENTAL

NAME NAME NAME

PREPOSITIONAL

NAME NAME NAME

Thats It! Not that hard :) I will later on add another guide on Adjective Cases, Pronoun Cases, Possessive Adjective Cases and Irregulars.

Thank You! I hope this will help you!

P.s. I noticed that there's a mistake in the 'When to Use' parts. (......... case is use a lot) And Moderators could you please make this a sticky. :)

November 5, 2015

39 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/osleek
  • 1292

here's the table for pronouns. should be handy

November 7, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Osophy

I love you so much for that post !!!!

January 3, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Aleksandro_RU

Instrumental: им/ним, ей/ней, ими/ними depends on a preposition

April 11, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/R.V.7

HUGE lifeboat thrown! Thanks a lot sir :)!

May 20, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/Ecclemain

Fix this post please, declension is always the great task to learn a language.

November 5, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/It-is-Magic

Yes, this topic should be definitely sticked!

November 6, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Jeffrey855877

Not to steal anyone's thunder, but I've put together several declension tables in what I believe is a simpler, easier to understand format. Have a look at:

Nouns & Russian Spelling Rules: https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/29038061

Personal Pronouns: https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/29119997

Non-Reflexive Possessive Pronouns https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/30122740

Reflexive Personal Pronouns Свой, Себя & Сам: https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/29965925

Prepositions, Case of Objects, and Meaning: https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/28544274

Determiners & Interrogatives (with a few adjectives, like всё): https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/30373766

March 24, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/Tsar_Nicholas_II

Боже мой! Thank goodness Russian doesn't have a vocative case. Oh, wait...

November 6, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/alex_tv80

In my oppinion the vocative case (in Ukrainian or Greek for example) is not really hard to learn but makes the language much more beatiful )))

November 6, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/mosfet07

Actually, Russian does have the vocative case for many personal names:
Елена - Лен
Иван - Вань
an so on, but it only used for informal conversation.

November 6, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/mosfet07

These words also have the 'new vocative':
мама - мам
папа - пап
дядя - дядь

rarely:
дедушка (дед) - деда
сын - сына
дочь - доча

November 7, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/osleek
  • 1292

we have it as archaic and non-everyday words like this:

  • отец = отче

  • бог = боже

November 7, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Aleksandro_RU

There is also "господи!" ("Господи Иисусе!")

April 11, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/ckhadung

This is great summary! I always love it when someone puts it into an organized table :)

November 6, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Verner5

Thank You! :)

November 6, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/iamduygu

Thank you so much for posting this, it's nice to have them all put together like that! I'm looking forward to your next guide on the declension of adjectives and pronouns. Here are some lingots for you! :)

November 5, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Verner5

Thank You!

November 5, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/leonig01

Typo in Genitive: "дргуга" instead of "друга".

November 7, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Verner5

yeah... there are a couple typos.

November 7, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/KaitlynV.Ellis

Thank you! Russian is currently my number one FAVORITE foreign language to listen to, (followed closely by Japanese.) and for a little over a year now I've been trying to learn how to speak it, so this helps a bunch!

November 5, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Verner5

Thank you. :)

November 5, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/-HystErica-

Excellent post, very helpful! Thank you =)

November 5, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Verner5

You're Welcome! :)

November 5, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/scatophage

Wow, I've never heard of a prepositional case. Was this one of the original 8 cases in Proto-Indo-European?

November 5, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Verner5

The Prepositional Case is like the Slavic version of the Locative. :)

November 5, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/alex_tv80

Actually, the Prepositional Case is the Locative + one more function (counstructions with preposition "о" [about])

November 6, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/mizinamo

Though Russian also has a locative case:

  • о лесе "about the forest" (prepositional case)
  • в лесу "in the forest" (locative case)

Only in a few nouns, though, I think, is the locative case separate from prepositional.

November 8, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/flootzavut

I really wish someone had explained that to me a long time ago, I think the notes in the Duolingo course are the first time I've seen it. I think probably it's an attempt to make things "easier", but for me I'm sure being told it was a remnant of the locative, rather than them just being weird exceptions, would've been way more helpful.

November 8, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Robert252247

I made a Memrise course for these. It is at http://www.memrise.com/course/1143945/russian-nouns-2nd-prepositional-2nd-locative/

There are 176 of these words in the course, as of my last count. That is probably not all such words in Russian, but very close. :)

December 7, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/richard547513

отлично вот lingot

September 24, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/alex_tv80

First, It is a really great summary!

Second, I would add an information about using Prepositional/Accusative case with prepositions of place. That's what I mean:

A book is on the table - Книга лежит на столЕ
He put the book on the table - Он кладёт книгу на стол.

November 6, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Verner5

Thanks for that!

November 6, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/sara_scout

Is it possible to link us to a print friendly version of this?

November 6, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/sara_scout

You found it! Thankssss.

November 6, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Verner5

You can print this I think. :D

November 6, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/MuhammadAr684147

Sure Russian cases make me crazy. Ughhh.

November 20, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/vascotuga251

This post is wonderful <3

June 19, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/magyar312

Looks intimidating....

August 7, 2018
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