https://www.duolingo.com/Verner5

Russian Noun Declension Guide

Verner5
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Russian cases can be tricky for speakers of languages which do not feature cases.

There are 6 Cases in Russian.

NOMINATIVE

This is the basic form of a noun. This is the form you would look for in a dictionary.

GENITIVE

NAME NAME NAME

There are of course irregulars but I might add them in a later state.

DATIVE

The Dative Case marks the indirect object of a sentence. Example : I give to book to my friend > я даю книгу подруге.

NAME NAME

ACCUSATIVE

The Accusative Case marks the direct object of a sentence. Example : I see a book > я вижу книгу. NAME NAME

INSTRUMENTAL

NAME NAME NAME

PREPOSITIONAL

NAME NAME NAME

Thats It! Not that hard :) I will later on add another guide on Adjective Cases, Pronoun Cases, Possessive Adjective Cases and Irregulars.

Thank You! I hope this will help you!

P.s. I noticed that there's a mistake in the 'When to Use' parts. (......... case is use a lot) And Moderators could you please make this a sticky. :)

3 years ago

35 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Ecclemain
Ecclemain
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Fix this post please, declension is always the great task to learn a language.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/It-is-Magic

Yes, this topic should be definitely sticked!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/osleek
osleek
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here's the table for pronouns. should be handy

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Osophy

I love you so much for that post !!!!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Tsar_Nicholas_II

Боже мой! Thank goodness Russian doesn't have a vocative case. Oh, wait...

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/alex_tv80
alex_tv80
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In my oppinion the vocative case (in Ukrainian or Greek for example) is not really hard to learn but makes the language much more beatiful )))

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/mosfet07

Actually, Russian does have the vocative case for many personal names:
Елена - Лен
Иван - Вань
an so on, but it only used for informal conversation.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/mosfet07

These words also have the 'new vocative':
мама - мам
папа - пап
дядя - дядь

rarely:
дедушка (дед) - деда
сын - сына
дочь - доча

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/osleek
osleek
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we have it as archaic and non-everyday words like this:

  • отец = отче

  • бог = боже

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ckhadung
ckhadung
Mod
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This is great summary! I always love it when someone puts it into an organized table :)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Verner5
Verner5
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Thank You! :)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/iamduygu

Thank you so much for posting this, it's nice to have them all put together like that! I'm looking forward to your next guide on the declension of adjectives and pronouns. Here are some lingots for you! :)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Verner5
Verner5
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Thank You!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/leonig01
leonig01
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  • 1467

Typo in Genitive: "дргуга" instead of "друга".

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Verner5
Verner5
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yeah... there are a couple typos.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/KaitlynV.Ellis

Thank you! Russian is currently my number one FAVORITE foreign language to listen to, (followed closely by Japanese.) and for a little over a year now I've been trying to learn how to speak it, so this helps a bunch!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Verner5
Verner5
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Thank you. :)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/-HystErica-
-HystErica-
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Excellent post, very helpful! Thank you =)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Verner5
Verner5
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You're Welcome! :)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/scatophage
scatophage
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Wow, I've never heard of a prepositional case. Was this one of the original 8 cases in Proto-Indo-European?

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Verner5
Verner5
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The Prepositional Case is like the Slavic version of the Locative. :)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/alex_tv80
alex_tv80
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Actually, the Prepositional Case is the Locative + one more function (counstructions with preposition "о" [about])

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/mizinamo
mizinamo
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Though Russian also has a locative case:

  • о лесе "about the forest" (prepositional case)
  • в лесу "in the forest" (locative case)

Only in a few nouns, though, I think, is the locative case separate from prepositional.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/flootzavut
flootzavutPlus
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I really wish someone had explained that to me a long time ago, I think the notes in the Duolingo course are the first time I've seen it. I think probably it's an attempt to make things "easier", but for me I'm sure being told it was a remnant of the locative, rather than them just being weird exceptions, would've been way more helpful.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Robert252247
Robert252247
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I made a Memrise course for these. It is at http://www.memrise.com/course/1143945/russian-nouns-2nd-prepositional-2nd-locative/

There are 176 of these words in the course, as of my last count. That is probably not all such words in Russian, but very close. :)

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/richard547513
richard547513
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отлично вот lingot

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/alex_tv80
alex_tv80
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First, It is a really great summary!

Second, I would add an information about using Prepositional/Accusative case with prepositions of place. That's what I mean:

A book is on the table - Книга лежит на столЕ
He put the book on the table - Он кладёт книгу на стол.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Verner5
Verner5
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Thanks for that!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/sara_scout

Is it possible to link us to a print friendly version of this?

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/sara_scout

You found it! Thankssss.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Verner5
Verner5
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You can print this I think. :D

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MuhammadAr684147

Sure Russian cases make me crazy. Ughhh.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/vascotuga251

This post is wonderful <3

5 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/magyar.i0i

Looks intimidating....

4 months ago
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