"This child is eating my rice."
Translation:Этот ребёнок ест мой рис.
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When using "this" to describe some noun, it must agree with the gender of noun it describes. Ребёнок is masculine, so этот should be used. For a neuter noun like яблоко, you would use это. When using "this" to reference a specific object in front of you, as in "This is a child," это can be used regardless of gender. So the example sentence would be "Это ребёнок," and not "Этот ребёнок."