... Or rather, the lack thereof? I feel like this is a dumb question, but I just want to confirm if the Russian program has oral exercises yet. I haven't had any so far, and I remember there being plenty in the Italian program. Is this because Russian's still in Beta mode or do I just have my settings incorrect? Thanks!
Yes, you can get the Duolingo exercises in the Cillyric alphabet by clicking the circle next to the "tips & notes" reminder. Since you have the phonetic setting, you'll see "Aa" in the circle; "Яя" will appear when you've set it to display the Cillyric alphabet.
The Dutch course doesn't have speaking exercices and it passed the beta already. Only "important" languages like Italian, French, Spanish, etc. have those exercices (and other features).
I doubt Russian will have them soon, and I'm sure they don't have them right now.
That's terrible!! D: If the Russian program stays like this, and if I ever complete it, I feel like I'm gonna end up being able to only read the language and not speak it
That's one of the disadvantages of studying with Duolingo only. You need to immerse yourself by going to Russia or talking to Russian people or going to a place where you can practice.
The way Duolingo works is that it explains you grammar points and gives you vocabulary on a fun way. But you are not really practicing, you are just discovering the language. The next step is to use that language you are discovering: Remember it and try it in the real world.