He is wrong! I studied/lived in Moscow for a year. Добрый день, is good afternoon, or good day. Доброе утро is good morning.
This is false, as a Russian myself we use Добрый Утра for Good morning greetings
Is Russian really your first language? Because writing "добрый утра" instead of "доброе утро" is a very strange mistake for a native Russian speaker to make.
Does "Добрый день, Анна." really mean Good afternoon, Anna.?
In my language (Czech), we can use equivalent of добрый день for example at 10 am (which is not afternoon).
Good day is a definition/opinion ...yesterday was a good day, not a greeting
Yes, we use it in slavic languages like that. But they wouldn't probably be able to translate it to english speakers this way.
I am afraid not. The languages are similar enough to confuse you, but not to help much.
The English does not have the greeting "Good day", but it does not mean that the "Dobryi den" means "Good afternoon" and it is used only afternoons. "Dobryi den" is used forenoons as well or at morning as well (When someone use "Dobroie utro=Good morning" after 8:00 a.m. some people think about him that he is a "sleepyhead"). Therefore the translation of "Dobryi den, Anna" as "Good morning, Anna." should be accepted as well.
I cannot speak for Americans. but "Good day!" certainly exists in British English, even if less common. (We tend to specify morning or afternoon instead.)
According to the Wiktionary it is /ˈdobrɨj/ https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%D0%B4%D0%BE%D0%B1%D1%80%D1%8B%D0%B9
is there a way to turn off the transliteration and get the answer in Russian?
There should be a small "Аа-Яя" switch in the top left part of your screen. Click on that and the answers will be in Cyrillic instead of the transliteration.
It softens the previous character, for example the n (written н in Russian) in "день". So instead of n like in north it is n like in new.
Edit: It seems I was wrong with the pronunciation of new - it is also pronounced with normal N, not with the soft one. I suggest putting день in Google translate - there is an option to listen the words.
"It seems I was wrong with the pronunciation of new - it is also pronounced with normal N, not with the soft one."
Outside of American English, "new" is pronounced with a soft n, i.e. "nyu". In American English they normally omit the y and pronounce it like "nu".
I also feel that it makes the preceding letter softer.
Essentially, when you add a soft sign, you move the tip of your tongue from the back of your teeth to the roof of your mouth. Really the only way to know it is by listening: try putting in ден and день into google translate respectively. You'll get it through practice, I'm studying Russian at University and it took me a long time to understand the concept.
Because день means afternoon or day, and used more for arternoon if i get my info right, for good morning it's Доброе утро where Утро means morning
My Russian is not very good, so I hope somebody will correct me if I am wrong.
добрый and хороший both mean good
добрый means good as kind or opposite of evil (but it may mean just good as in good evening) хороший means good like in good worker, good car etc.
хорошего is the genitive form of хороший
For example: Я желаю вам всего хорошего is literally I wish you all good (means: I wish you all the best)
Absolutely correct answer. Добрый in modern Russian means "kind" and is only used with persons but in old Russian it had meaning "good" same as in modern Ukrainian. So "добрый день" came to us from centuries and is fixed in this form.
Добрый is more polite and formal. In addition to it literally meaning "kind" or "dear", it's used as a greeting in more personal contexts. Хорошо is just a general "I'm doing well" or "it works well" (Я хорошо, работает хорошо) and is often used as more of an impersonal, informal reply or adjective.
doesn't mater how I type this, cyrillic or english, with or without apostrophe, correctly or incorrectly, it refuses to accept the answer and just gives me a transliteration. what am I doing wrong?
What is the effect of the letter ы to the previous letter in the word добрый? How is it pronounced?
It makes the word добро an adjective. It's pronounced like the i in Osama Bin Laden.
In Polish we says "Dzień Dobry" also we can say "Dobry dzień" co it's identycal like Russian "добрый день". We don't have special word for afternoon. Also we don't use "Good Evning" often.
The letter "ы" sounds similar to the German letter "ü", right? And I'm pretty sure that "й" is analogous to the English "y" -- but in this example it sounds like the "ый" in "добрый" is simply pronounced as the "oy" in "boy" is pronounced.
Is that correct or am I mishearing it?
Why is "Добрый" used for Good Afternoon while the word "Доброе" is used for Good Morning as in "Доброе утро"
So день basically means "day" as anytime of the day? Not exclusively day as the morning?
In this case it means the time between morning and evening. But nobody will stop you from using it at 8 AM. It's just a formal greeting.
I read that there's a way to get the answer in russian but i haven't seen it? I use a phone btw
I am not sure how to change it to Russian in the app. I doubt it can be done. You have to access the website for it. You can access the website from the phone as well from any browser. Once you access from website, there should be a small "Аа-Яя" switch in the top left part of your screen. Click on that and the answers will be in Cyrillic instead of the transliteration. The Cyrillic alphabets will also reflect in the app.
Why would you say, "добрый" when referring to day/afternoon/morning (whatever it translates to), but use "спокойной" when referring to night?
Спокойной ночи is used only right before someone is going to sleep. "Добрый" is used in greetings. And you can use "доброй ночи" in both contexts.
They're different adjective endings depending on the gender of the word. Добрый is for masculine gender, Доброе is for neuter gender. Добрая would be for feminine gender (such as добрая ночь). The thing about Russian is that there are 24 different adjective endings depending on case, number, and gender, but you will learn those over time. These are the adjective endings for nominative case: -ый, -ая, -ое, ые.
How do you pronounce Добрый ? the ы makes it confusing, very hard to pronounce
"День" is "day", but Russian doesn't have a word for the "afternoon", so where in English they say "good afternoon" in Russian it's "добрый день"
I don't understand! Does the word день means MORNING or it means AFTERNOON or it means both of them!?
It means day.
As the greeting "good day" isn't used in English, they are trying to translate to something which does exist, like good afternoon.
Good day, as a salutation, is used in English but much less so than in previous generations. Now it used only in a formal sense.
Another usage is to use it to indicate the termination of unpleasant circumstances in social interactions. To drop into an almost archaic, formal tone in regular conversation or negotiations is to announce your desire to strip all signals of intention on your part to be pleasant, which effectively ends the conversation.
EG: Well, if that is your position I guess there is no need for further conversation. Good day!
If you go for a literal translation, then yes. But as far as I know, "good day" is not very common form of greeting in English, while "добрый день" is very common, so it corresponds better to "good afternoon".
"Good day," is almost universally used synonymously with "goodbye" in English. I think they steer away from that here, because "Добрый день" is a greeting.
how do I spell words with the apostrophe at the end? den' and est' are not being accepted.
I'd suggest installing and using a Cyrillic keyboard because there's nothing we can do about transliteration answers that don't get accepted. And also, with a Cyrillic keyboard, you'll get more practice reading and typing in actual Russian. Good luck and happy learning!
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_alphabet#Keyboard_layout Above link gives a russian keyboard layout (the one used by russians, not this fake "easy" phonetic layout crap).
Change keyboard option to allow fast switching to russian and back to english with windows + space buttons.
Use this site to practice writing in russian. Yes, it does take some time, but give it an hour or so. You'll see the benefits when you can write russian almost as fast as you can english!
mantpaa, thank you very much for the link to practice typing in Russian. I can type in English very well, but have a hard time doing it in Russian
Den' is accepted for me. However, I'm not sure how it wants to anglicize И, Й, and Ы. I learned these as I, J, and Í, but got this marked wrong for spelling Добрый as Dobríj.
So many comments about "Dobryi den" and not any change of accepting the "Good morning" translation. Is among the Russian course contributors any one Russian native speaker at least?
It's so painful trying to understand this. Sometimes о sounds like a, I can't tell the difference between й, и, and е, and I still don't get what ь and ы do. Should Iearn the alphabet first???
и is i
ы is also i, but sounds harder
й sounds like the first character in English "You" or "yes"
е sounds like normal e preceded by й (so it is like yes without s)
ь makes any previous character softer
I think a few hours with a Russian teacher (can be on Skype) would make it much clearer :-)
It all has to do with the placement of the stress on the word. Pronouncing Russian is one of the hardest things I've ever had to do. It will come with time, just try practicing it exactly as they say it in Google Translate or Duolingo and you'll get it eventually :)