The English does not have the greeting "Good day", but it does not mean that the "Dobryi den" means "Good afternoon" and it is used only afternoons. "Dobryi den" is used forenoons as well or at morning as well (When someone use "Dobroie utro=Good morning" after 8:00 a.m. some people think about him that he is a "sleepyhead"). Therefore the translation of "Dobryi den, Anna" as "Good morning, Anna." should be accepted as well.
According to the Wiktionary it is /ˈdobrɨj/ https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%D0%B4%D0%BE%D0%B1%D1%80%D1%8B%D0%B9
It softens the previous character, for example the n (written н in Russian) in "день". So instead of n like in north it is n like in new.
Edit: It seems I was wrong with the pronunciation of new - it is also pronounced with normal N, not with the soft one. I suggest putting день in Google translate - there is an option to listen the words.
Essentially, when you add a soft sign, you move the tip of your tongue from the back of your teeth to the roof of your mouth. Really the only way to know it is by listening: try putting in ден and день into google translate respectively. You'll get it through practice, I'm studying Russian at University and it took me a long time to understand the concept.
My Russian is not very good, so I hope somebody will correct me if I am wrong.
добрый and хороший both mean good
добрый means good as kind or opposite of evil (but it may mean just good as in good evening) хороший means good like in good worker, good car etc.
хорошего is the genitive form of хороший
For example: Я желаю вам всего хорошего is literally I wish you all good (means: I wish you all the best)
Добрый is more polite and formal. In addition to it literally meaning "kind" or "dear", it's used as a greeting in more personal contexts. Хорошо is just a general "I'm doing well" or "it works well" (Я хорошо, работает хорошо) and is often used as more of an impersonal, informal reply or adjective.
The letter "ы" sounds similar to the German letter "ü", right? And I'm pretty sure that "й" is analogous to the English "y" -- but in this example it sounds like the "ый" in "добрый" is simply pronounced as the "oy" in "boy" is pronounced.
Is that correct or am I mishearing it?
I am not sure how to change it to Russian in the app. I doubt it can be done. You have to access the website for it. You can access the website from the phone as well from any browser. Once you access from website, there should be a small "Аа-Яя" switch in the top left part of your screen. Click on that and the answers will be in Cyrillic instead of the transliteration. The Cyrillic alphabets will also reflect in the app.
и is i
ы is also i, but sounds harder
й sounds like the first character in English "You" or "yes"
е sounds like normal e preceded by й (so it is like yes without s)
ь makes any previous character softer
I think a few hours with a Russian teacher (can be on Skype) would make it much clearer :-)
They're different adjective endings depending on the gender of the word. Добрый is for masculine gender, Доброе is for neuter gender. Добрая would be for feminine gender (such as добрая ночь). The thing about Russian is that there are 24 different adjective endings depending on case, number, and gender, but you will learn those over time. These are the adjective endings for nominative case: -ый, -ая, -ое, ые.
Good day, as a salutation, is used in English but much less so than in previous generations. Now it used only in a formal sense.
Another usage is to use it to indicate the termination of unpleasant circumstances in social interactions. To drop into an almost archaic, formal tone in regular conversation or negotiations is to announce your desire to strip all signals of intention to be pleasant on your part, which effectively ends the conversation.
EG: Well, if that is your position I guess there is no need for further conversation. Good day!
I'd suggest installing and using a Cyrillic keyboard because there's nothing we can do about transliteration answers that don't get accepted. And also, with a Cyrillic keyboard, you'll get more practice reading and typing in actual Russian. Good luck and happy learning!
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_alphabet#Keyboard_layout Above link gives a russian keyboard layout (the one used by russians, not this fake "easy" phonetic layout crap).
Change keyboard option to allow fast switching to russian and back to english with windows + space buttons.
Use this site to practice writing in russian. Yes, it does take some time, but give it an hour or so. You'll see the benefits when you can write russian almost as fast as you can english!