"Where am I?"
Can someone explain me about the word ordering? Is it ok to switch the two words if I want?
Edit: It accepts Я где as well as Где я.
Any order. Just use intonation in the end. Can someone explain me about the word ordering = Кто-нибудь может объяснить ме о порядке слов? Может ли объяснить кто-нибудь о порядке слов? Объяснит ли кто-нибудь мне о порядке слов? О порядке слов кто-нибудь может объяснить? :)
Just a grammar question: Do you need to capitalize things like я or мама in Russian?
Only 'gde' is an accepted transliteration for "где". I recommend using Cyrillic to type instead as it can be frustrating to try guess the "correct" transliteration and being able to read in actual Russian will be more beneficial for you in the long run :)
How do you type these characters though with an American keyboard? should I keep an alt-characters list in front of me?
There are no alt codes for all the characters. Instead, install a Russian keyboard. See http://winrus.com/kbd_e.htm. This is for Windows, and they say it works for Windows 10 too. Long story short: Run the setup.exe that's in this zip file. http://winrus.com/student.zip, restart and switch keyboards in the taskbar. I use it for about a year now and everyday.
When you switch to the Russian keyboard, you'll get
| ё1234567890ъэ |
| яшертыуиопющ |
| асдфгчйкльж |
| зхцвбнм |
I created my own keyboard with Microsoft Keyboard Layout Creator.
ь1234567890-= чшертыуиопяющ асдфгхйклэё зжцвбнм,./
Because "я" (ya) is "I" and "моя" (moya) is 'my' for feminine singular things. They are different words. The original Russian sentence does not talk about possession of anything, but rather the author of this sentence is asking where they are.
how are you supposed to be able to type the russian characters with an english keyboard
If you're using Windows on a PC, see my comment above. If you're using Android on your phone, there's an App on Play Store