If you scroll over Russia on google earth, you'll notice that Lake Baikal is actually called (even in english) Ozero Baikal. Google Earth transliterates it, but it doesn't translate it.
In Russian, they call it Озеро Байкал. It's an absolutely enormous freshwater lake in the far east, just north of Mongolia and China.
Check for Yandex Maps in places that are obviously automatically translated, and you have the same situation, but inversed...
NB, it's enormous in the sense that it contains a lot of water, because it is extremely deep, but it has an unremarkable surface area and length.
So is наши pronounced correctly on the audio? To me it sounds like наше. Or perhaps нашэ.
The audio is fine. This sound is somewhat reduced, so "наше" and "наши" sounds the same if you don't make an emphasis for some reason.
So the only way to know if it's plural or neutral is by the pronunciation of озеро/озёра?
Why does the 'e' in 'озеро' change to "ё" in the plural to become 'озёра'? Is this also part or the rule for changing the singular to the plural? I think I noticed something similar with 'сестра' becoming 'сёстры'. Thanks.
They will tell you it has something to do with the accents (or stress), but since the stress really changes (almost) randomly, it just means you will have to memorize it by heart ;-) , most of the times by using that word many times ;-)
As a native Slavic speaker with the similar changes in my language I can tell you no one remembers those "rules" , you just know the word in different usages/cases by heart, because you've heard it 10000 times.
All Slavic languages are like this? I mean, lots of random things, many rules, and even more exceptions for those rules?
Yes, yes and yes ;-) . On the other hand, absolutely no one will care how you miss the cases. People are just happy they can understand you :-) Those things tend to "enter your ear" if you speak the language often (like when living there or going courses) .
dempl is right. I only want to add that "ё" in Russian is not considered a "е" with umlaut, it is a separate letter.
If I live in a city with a park, and in that park there are lakes, and I have a friend from out of town come to visit, would I still say, "Вот наши озёра?". Or are they only my/our lakes if I/we own them personally?
I'm confused. I'm perhaps too rationnal as an European. I was thinking: I can not be the owner of a lake. So rich I'm not etc.. And suddenly it's stopped in my brain : I could'nt remember, and the word"о'зёро"and its pronunciation or what ever. Completly blank. I think it's the frustration ... ;-))) But what I've learned until yet it's almost fluent. Yes!
You can say "Our Lands/Seas/Lakes" even in English without implying the ownership you silly ;-) .
Да,блатодарю, мой достопочтенный собрать. It is just a moment of confusion. I try to learn Russian and in this process, I try to think,feel as a Russian. But sometimes I cannot "access" to the spirit of it. In Belgium ,Holland or France, nobody but a few very rich people with a castle or a huge property can say " this is my lake ". Otherwise " this is the lake named ..." It's just a state of mind. But don't be too critical on me, please. It's nothing at all, I let just know how it is different from a country to an other. :-)
So озеро changes to озёра and сестра changes to сёстры. Are they other useful examples of this е to ё instance when making plural?
- бревно́ - брё́вна (log)
- ведро́ - вё́дра (bucket)
- зерно́ - зё́рна (seed)
- колесо́ - колё́са (wheel)
- метла́ - мё́тлы (broom)
- стекло́ - стё́кла (glass)
Also, many non-ё words behave similarly:
- окно́ - о́кна (window)
- пятно́ - пя́тна (spot)
- судьба́ - су́дьбы (fate)
- тюрьма́ - тю́рьмы (jail)
- число́ - чи́сла (number)
As you see, only the "е" changes under the stress.
any helpful hints to remember which nouns end in a for singular vs for in plural (which in plural means they end in o or e I suppose?)
I just picked this answer, and Duolingo said I was wrong: is there some glitch here?
I thought наши should be used for plurals, so how come наше is accepted as correct?