The word хлеб as a type of food is uncountable and so has no plural. The word хлеба (а is stressed) exists, but means "grains (growing in a field)".
just like in English, there are words that aren't quantifiable. We don't say I have breads, or I have waters. Neither do they :)
Yes, but some languages, e.g Sweden, treats "bread" as countable. You could say "ett bröd", meaning either a loaf ("en brödlimpa" can also be used for loaf) or a slice of bread, and "flera bröd", meaning many slices of bread. Yes, the word "bröd" does not change in plural but it is still treated as any other plural noun. ☺
Yes, there are two forms, хлеба and хлебы, but first means "grains" while second means "loaves of breads"
Oxford comma is for English, not for Russian =) When you make a list of something in Russian, you should never use oxford comma, because it would be a mistake.
У [appropriate form indicating to indicate personal pronoun] есть is have, not eat. Argh.
The pronunciation here is so bad it is the first time I actually report it.
I am wondering about "i" in this sentence. So, as far as I have understood it, "i" and "a" are both words for "and" but with the difference that "i" is used when the two words are each others' opposites. For instance "papa i mama". Is this correct?
Because in this sentence "i" is used and I can't really see the word "plates" being the opposite to the word "apples".
You've got it the other way around. The difference between 'a' and 'и' is that 'a' is used when a contrast is implied (think of it as a soft 'but'), whereas 'и' is used when there is none. For example you would use 'a' in a sentence such as 'My mother is a hairdresser, and my father is a mailman', but you would use 'и' when listing or joining up things.
Hope this helped!
I think it is because they are making a list of what they have, and regardless of the nature of the stuff being mentioned, when listing items you use и. That is what I have understood so far.
You use а when there is a slight difference. Think of it as a soft "but". For example:
Я - девочка, и она - девочка. (I am a girl, and she is a girl.) Я - девочка, а он - мальчик. (I am a girl, and(but) he is a boy.)
Please correct me if I have made a mistake!