"У неё есть дом?"
Translation:Does she have a house?
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Brand new words are shown in a yellow highlight. Newer words are still underlined with a slightly faded dotted line. In both these cases, hovering your mouse over the word will give the translation. Old words that you should know are not specially marked and do not have a translation when the mouse hovers.
Thanks, yeah - got the new words, but I was confused by the apparent knowledge of everyone about the words above, "An –Н– is attached to Его / Её / Его / Их" etc. I've learned He, She, and various other forms, but I hadn't encountered these until now. Still sort of wondering if I've missed someting. No worries. The more info I can get, the better and thanks again.
It does not matter what the preposition ends in.
Russian does, however, have some longer prepositional phrases, akin to "according to", "thanks to", "including" etc. These are not included. However, the vast majority of all "beginner's prepositions" require an initial Н here. Of short ones, only "вне" (outside, beyond) is not used with него, неё, них —and it is not a very common preposition, though not a rare one either (~40 instances per million words in the spoken speech corpus)
I am just warning you that the rule of initial Н will not work for every single preposition. A good reference table is found here.
Really appreciate Shady_arc pointing us to a reference table on which prepositons add the "н" and which don't. If you're Russian isn't that good, it may help to have the English side by side. Keep in mind that the translation is compliments of Google Translate, so it is a little rough in parts, but, until your mastery of Russian becomes stronger, you may find it useful just the same.
The image is too small to see at a 100% view in this post, but if you enlarge your view to 300%, you should be able to see them side by side. You can also right click the image and save it as a .JPG or .bmp file in a folder of your choosing on your computer to reference as needed. Most image viewers should allow you to adjust the view to whichever settings work best for you.
Hope that helps.
The link was in my post:
Падежи в русском языке это тяжело.
Я - у меня есть - дают мне - обвиняют меня - довольны мной - думают обо мне.
Ты - у тебя есть - дают тебе - обвиняют тебя - довольны тобой - думают о тебе.
Он / оно - у него есть - дают ему - обвиняют его - довольны им - думают о нём
Она - у неё есть - дают ей - обвиняют её - довольны ей - думают о ней
Они - у них есть - дают им - обвиняют их - довольны ими - думают о них
Вы - у вас есть - дают вам - обвиняют вас - довольны вами - думают о вас
Hm. You can say that in Russian you usually say "By me, there is a house" instead of "I have a house".
In English you can say that a thing is somewhere:
- There is a dog in the house.
- There is a box on the table
- There is a book on the shelf.
- There is a room in the building.
You can do this with places but cannot do this with people. Russian lets you use у + Genitive to convert a person to "pseudo-place" and then talk about things that are found "there":
STEP 1: convert a living being to a place:
- я → у меня, ты → у тебя
- мама → у мамы, собака → у собаки
STEP 2: say that a thing IS in that place:
- У меня есть собака.
- У тебя есть мама.
- У мамы есть телевизор (TV).
- У собаки есть хвост (tail).
It also works with objects if you are describing their parts (A door has a handle, A chair has a leg, A display has a button), though with buildings and interiors, you usually switch to normal в because these are physical places.
Since all of these are to-be sentences, Russian makes an additional distinction here by including or omitting есть depending on what you mean. If the existence of such object in one's possession is the core meaning, you should say есть. If, on the other hand, you are talking about properties of an object (I have a pretty good PC), body parts (I have blue eyes) or illnesses and conditions (I have a fever), you should not use есть. Especially with the latter. It also works when you are talking about the identity of an object (He's got a gun!) rather than its existence.
Naturally, you also omit "есть" when saying WHO has a certain object. Since "The dog is in the car" will be "Собака в машине", "MOM has the dog" will be "Собака у мамы". These sentences work in a very similar fashion.
Because the 'dots' over 'ё' are more often omitted than not. No confusion arises from that because words with 'ё' and 'e' do not overlap: there are no (or so few that I can't recall any right now) words with their meaning depending on whether there is 'ё' or 'e' in them.
It's like, okay everyone knows "неё" goes with 'ё' and there's no such word as "нее" at all, so I'll just leave it without the dots as "нее" to save my time and ink and everybody will easily figure out what I meant anyway.
However, at schools kids are taught to put the 'dots' over 'ё' as required, and 'ё' is there in the books/texts for kids/learners. It is useful for proper stressing: 'ё' is ALWAYS stressed.
Well, in Russian it is really your choice. Ё did not really taken off at the time of its creation; it has always been mostly printed as Е in books, and not enforced at school either.
It is only recently that some people insist everyone should consistently use ё everywhere. Switching to this use may take quite some time.
Does is used only and exclusively for the third person singular, like He does, She does or It does.
It is the same rule for most English verbs: I love, you love, he loves, etc... And He sings, He makes, He brings, He wants, etc. The third person singular ends with an added S, or in a few cases with an ES.
The intonation is different. In a yes/no question you will have a sharp peak of intonation on the core of the question—on the stressed syllable, to be exact: «У неё ↗есть↓ дом?»
Text-to-Speech engines usually cannot get this right because a) native speakers mostly need a TTS to simply read the line (e.g., if your eyesight is poor or you are blind)—and b) to raise the pitch correctly you have to understand, more or less, what the question is about, which computers are not good at.