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What is the difference between Мой, моя, and моё?

I don't get the difference, does anybody know? Is it similar to the difference between Это, Эта, Этот, and Эти or is there different rules for these words?

November 8, 2015



These are the first person singular possessive pronouns (my/mine) for the three genders.

  • Мой is the masculine pronoun used with masculine nouns as in "мой нож" (my knife)
  • Моя is the feminine pronoun used with feminine nouns as in "моя вилка" (my fork)
  • Моё is the neuter pronoun used with neuter nouns as in "моё окно" (my window)

It's important to note that here the gender of the pronoun is determined by the gender of the noun, not by the gender of the speaker

The plural first person singular possessive pronoun is мои and it is the same for all genders.


How do you determine which nouns are feminine, masculine, or neutral? How is my fork feminine, but my knife is masculine?


In Russian, adjectives change to match the gender of the noun they modify. This is called "agreement" and it's also a rule in many languages.

So these words are exactly like этот etc. The plural form is мои. Note that this sounds like "muh-ee" and not "moy."


мой папа. мой is used with masculine. моя мама. моя is used with feminine. моё яблоко. моё is used with "it"


As far as I know, they follow the exact same rules.


still do not know the difference between Это, Эта, Этот, and Эти

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