"Do you have hot water at home?"
Translation:У вас дома есть горячая вода?
«Тебя» is the informal singular form of 'you', «вас» is the plural form of 'you'. However, «вас» can also be used when speaking to one person: out of politeness you speak about one person as if as there were several of them.
«Тебя» and «вас» are Genitive case forms, Nominative is «ты» and «вы» respecively.
When talking to one person, you usually either consistently use «ты», or «вы». Choosing which one to use can be tricky: «ты» might sound too condescending, while «вы» might be too cold or formal. I generally use «вы» with everyone and then, when I get to know the person better, ask if I can use «ты» with them.
(The polite «вы» used for one person, as opposed to plural «вы», can be capitalised, but it's not strictly neccessary,)
Hello! I've just noticed your answer. I'm a native Russian speaker, and I'm interested in Irish, but I'm only at the 1/3 of my tree and my Irish is very limited... But if you have questions about Russian, feel free to ask.
like many other languages, they have two ways to say things - Formal (boss, teacher, people you don't know) and Informal (close friends, family)
Formal (to your superiors) - you say "вы, вас, ваш"
Informal (to your close friends) - you say "ты, тебя, твой"
"you, you (happening to you), your"
I'm not a native speaker, but my sense is that you need есть here because what is being questioned is the existence of the hot water. There's a nice explanation of the to-есть-or-not-to-есть thing at http://webhome.auburn.edu/~mitrege/russian/tutorials/0005.html.
Just to answer this until someone with more knowledge corrects me: I think that in your sentence, putting дома at the end assumes that you have hot water somewhere, and you're being asked whether that is at home, because the most important thing goes at the end.
But the question is about hot water most of all, so it should go at the the end. For Duo's answer, that would be: "Do you at home have hot water?" all in order of importance.
For me, Duo accepted У тебя есть дома горячая вода: "Do you have at home hot water?" A minor difference without a distinction, because "hot water" is at the end of both.
Well you are wrong because when you ask "У тебя ЕСТЬ горячая вода дома?" emphasis is on "ЕСТЬ" same as in Duo's answer. The thing is you can not say "Do you at home have hot water?" because it is not how question can be built. That's why I think they should take it as a right answer also. In both ways meaning is the same. Russian is my native language and I personally would use my variation to ask about that but the duo's one is correct also. And it seems like they accept it now as the right one.
У вас дома горячая вода? Not accepted - I left есть out. That seemed to me to go with previous discussions about У мамы громкий голос = "Mom has a loud voice", where the issue wasn't the existence of her voice, but the fact that her existing voice was loud.
Similarly, leaving есть out here assumes that there is water, but asks whether or not it's hot.
Nor should it be accepted: as a native speaker,
I would not accept "У вас дома горячая вода?" (without "есть") as a translation of "Do you have hot water at home?".
"Есть" is basically needed if the question is about existence or availability (which this question undoubtedly is). Without it, the assumption is that that you have water at home, we just don't know whether it's cold or hot. E.g. I could ask it if I were in doubt about how hot would the water be if I opened a tap in your place. The proposed question is undoubtedly about whether hot water is at all available in your place (in addition to cold water, not in its place).
Because we don't speak like this. «У кого-то есть» works well only with living people or organisations. We don't say «у дома есть горячая вода» because the house can't be a possessor. It's just a house, after all, it can't possess anything.
Жаркая is usually used about weather or period of time, not about actual objects.
Hi. Why is it "горяч-ая вода"? Вода is masculinum, it should ends with ий/ый/ой [ according to my notes i prepared from the lesson ].
For me more natural is горячая вода because in polish we say it very familliar "gorąca woda", but I wanted to be strict to the rules I've learnt.