Masculine & Feminine
When does the masculine and feminine rules not matter? Is it like English, where some rules are pushed aside on certain words? How do you know when to use masculine when the other word is feminine? Or is it a learning process of learning the language?
It helps to memorize the articles with the words. Like la mujer, and una mujer. With Spanish, I think it always matters. The more exposed to the language you become things just start to feel familiar. If you are a hearing person, I recommend speaking all of the sentences out loud so you can hear yourself saying them. This gets the part of your brain working that helps you form conversation, and helps things to sound familiar. I hope this helps!
You're welcome :) BTW this is an awesome discussion I am following it :)
In Spanish you will be able to determine the gender of a word by the final letter, if it is (a) the word is feminine, if it is (o) the word is masculine. Or (as) or (os) in the plural. But there are a handful of words that do not follow this trend. Agua dia problema are three common exceptions among many. Sometimes a gendered word does not end with either a or o like (el cine). You will have to learn these on a case by case basis. Words do not change their genders so it helps to memorize the articles with the words.
With so many rules and exceptions to the rules, it's really not something you can create a simple list for. Some words are even capable of changing gender depending on the context: "mi gata es amarilla" (my female cat is yellow) and "mi gato es amarillo" (my male cat is yellow) and it can change when plural as well: "mis gatas son amarillas" (my female cats are yellow) and "mis gatos son amarillos" (my male cats are yellow.) For this reason, I tend to remember this rule: keep the gender and number consistent. (In the case of "gatos", it can also mean that the cats in question are both male and female, as well.)