https://www.duolingo.com/profile/pejman2520

Ihr = you or her?

What is the meaning of "ihr"? I thought it was "you" but it seems to be wrong.

December 17, 2011

20 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ValidUserName

"Ihr" can be one of many forms of the personal pronoun:

  • 2.p. pl. Nom. [you]

  • 3.p. sg. (f) Dat. [(prep. +) her (indirect object)]

  • in an archaic formal term when adressing a superior (this is grammatically identical to the 2. p. pl. of the personal pronoun, similar to how you formally adress some one in french) (to clarify, it was used for example when adressing some one as "Eure Majest├Ąt" [your majesty] )

Also mark that it can be one of the following possessive pronouns as well:

  • 3.p. sg. (f) Nom. sg. m./n. (p.e. "ihr Hund/Haus" [her dog/house])

  • 3.p. pl. Nom. sg. m./n, (p.e. "ihr Hund/Haus" [their dog/house])

March 7, 2012

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JinRoh

I think they should add a note about the use of the Dative in this lesson, since it has not been explained to us yet. Or maybe pospone its use until the Dative lesson.

Ich danke der Frau and Ich danke ihr are examples appearing in this lesson.

It was a bit frustrating before reading this thread.

June 18, 2012

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jasoncstone

The wikipedia article was great. The key is to understand the "dative" form, which is used to indicate that someone or something is being given something. This also relates to its use in the "possessive" form. Since when you give someone something it becomes their possession. "Ich danke ihr" and "Ich danke der Frau" are both examples of the dative form. They coud be read as "I give thanks to the girl" and "I give thanks to the woman". These phrases are probably thought of as idioms because the verb "to give" and the preposition "to" are implied. Something like "Ich gebe dank zu ihr" and "Ich gebe dank der Frau" would make the dative form more explicit.

June 15, 2012

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kkhayrat

It is plural of you as you mentioned. But it is also the dative of "sie" (she). In the phrase "Ich danke ihr", it means "I thank her"

January 22, 2012

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/harris72

Doesn't 'Ich danke ihr' also mean I thank you all?

July 17, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Lisa

It also means "her".

December 20, 2011

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Lovro

-- It can be the genitive of her. Sie ist ihr Esse. // She is eating her food. -- It can be the plural you. Ihr geht weg. // They are going away.

January 18, 2012

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jjkoletar

According to classroom German I've taken, ihr can take the form of her, both a person and something a female possesses, their (as ihre), and as y'all/you guys.

June 9, 2012

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MaXing

Das Personalpronomen:Ihr(Nominative)=you(single&plural), Ihr(Dative)=her. Das Possessivpronomen:Ihr(Singluar,Nominative)=her, Ihr(Singular,Akkusative)=her,Ihr(Plural, Nominative)=their/your(respect),Ihr(Plural, Akkusative)=their/your(respect)

February 23, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ianhou

it's the pl.form of you

May 9, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kirstthethirst

'ihr' when nominative case (ie it is the subject) is you-plural (you all) 'ihr' when in dative refers to the indirect female object - ie it is being done 'to her' or 'for her'

June 22, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ahmedsaladino

Ihr means you all, Ihr seid men = you are men, but ihr is also an indirect pronoun, Ich sage ihr dass ich sie liebe= I told her I loved her

October 25, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CuriousVinyl

"you" should be corrtect

November 18, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/rubyliya

from my understanding: Du mean a "single" "You", Ihr means Pl. You. but what is the real meaning of Sie?? so difficult .

December 2, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/bingo5567

For a sentence such as Ihre Frau liest ein Buch, how do you know if Ihre is for she or the formal you in this context?

July 26, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RichardCor912224

Any particular reason that the "lesson" noted below doesn't have a way to leave comments. I'm not sure how/where to report it.

https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/4193222

July 30, 2019
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