"Извини, у тебя есть сестра?"
Translation:Excuse me, do you have a sister?
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From the T&N section of the skill "Phrases 2":
Contrary to what many native speakers have come to believe in the last ten or fifteen years, the polite "you" is not automatically capitalized in Russian, and never was. Such capitalization is used in some formal styles.
Извините, у вас есть сестра? should also imply politeness, right?
Прости(те) has both meanings as well, at least in St. Petersburg. To me, прости(те) & извини(те) are perfectly interchangeable; the context takes care of the exact meaning.
E.g., "Простите, не подскажете который час?" = "Ехcuse me, what time is it?" is how I would phrase this question.
"Ты" (informal singular "you") changes to "Тебя":
Ты мой друг - У тебя есть друг
Ты читаешь книгу - У тебя есть книга
If you use "Вы" (formal plural "you"), it changes to "Вас".
Вы мой начальник - У вас есть задания для меня?
Вы изучаете русский язык - У вас всё получится
Also, it depends on the meaning of what you say:
Ты работаешь в магазине, у вас есть сок? - "You work at the shop, do you have juice?"
Here we say informal "ты" talking to our friend who works there and then we use plural "вас" because we ask about the place where he works with other people.
In the word Извини I can't hear the B??!! It happens in some cases (like the Hello for example, that I definitely do not remember how to write it...) . In other words like BOT it is clear the sound (more like a v, correct?) ANy comments to help me?! When do we say B and when we do not??!! спасибо!!
You can copy and paste the Russian word to this site to get its phonetic transcription, so you would know how to pronounce the word correctly. Try it with здравствуйте for example http://easypronunciation.com/en/russian-phonetic-transcription-converter
I know the sentence is in singular, but to me it is more natural to ask in plural (do you have sisterS). Possible because of the influence of my native language, we pretty much never ask if someone has A sister. Because of this, I feel the plural translation should also be accepted