"У мужчины есть хлеб?"

Translation:Does the man have bread?

November 10, 2015



Could this be considered plural? ("Do the men have bread?")

December 11, 2015

[deactivated user]

    No, that would be «У мужчи́н есть хле́б». «Мужчи́ны» can be either nominative plural or genitive singular, but after «у» we use the genitive case, not nominative.

    December 11, 2015


    I'm confused! I thought ы was the ending for singular feminine genitive and that singular masculine uses а or я

    December 29, 2015

    [deactivated user]

      Мужчи́на is declined like feminine nouns (but it's used with masculine adjective and verb forms). Other words that behave like this include па́па 'dad', Ди́ма 'Dima'.

      December 29, 2015


      Ok. So the noun itself is declined as feminine but because the word itself refers to a male, adjectives describing this feminine noun are declined as masculine. Tricky! Thank you

      December 30, 2015


      In Italian, some male names, and jobs that uses to be traditionally held by men, end in "a" and behave gramatically like feminine words. It's a remnant from Latin.

      December 8, 2018


      How do you say 'Does the man eat bread?'

      December 16, 2015

      [deactivated user]

        Мужчи́на ест хлеб?

        December 16, 2015


        why does est' and est sound exactly the same. How can you differentiate between does the man have bread and does the man eat bread by sound?

        August 16, 2017


        it’s a very soft almost “ee” sound at the end of the word, hence the “soft sign” name. ест has a hard t, like in east, and есть sounds approximately like yes-ti

        January 1, 2018


        You have to learn to pronounce the ь or any soft sound by putting the back of your tongue against the ceiling of your mouth. It gets easier with time, it makes a difference for ш/щ, т/ть...

        February 8, 2019


        Why is "khleb" not accepted as the transliteration of хлеб? Edit: Nevermind. For some reason it highlighted the "х" in хлеб when I was missing an apostrophe after "est".

        October 28, 2018


        So to translate this more directly, would it be

        "The bread is of the man" ?

        November 10, 2015


        No, rather “is there bread by the man?”.

        November 10, 2015


        Shouldn´t "The man has bread?" be accepted?

        November 29, 2015


        Nope cause it has to be a question

        December 24, 2015


        With the machine speaking, I can't hear the question intonation.

        October 8, 2018


        Hello, why isn't bread written here as хлеба as it is enquiring about possession and it takes the genitive form?

        January 27, 2016

        [deactivated user]

          Enquiring about possession doesn't require genitive form, maybe you've misunderstood something?

          Generally, the forms used in questions are the same as in statements. So, if you make «У мужчины есть хлеб» 'The man has bread' into a question, it will be «У мужчины есть хлеб?» 'Does a man have bread' (or «Есть ли у мужчины хлеб?», which means the same). Since the statement has nominative case, the question also has it.

          If you wanted to transform a negative statement into a question, you'd use genitive. Negative statement is «У мужчины нет хлеба» 'The man doesn't have bread', the question is «У мужчины нет хлеба?» 'Doesn't the man have bread?' (or «Нет ли у мужчины хлеба?», which means the same).

          January 27, 2016


          Thank you! But I thought when someone says it is the man has bread, or Adam has a dog, it becomes genitive? у адам есть собака becomes адама собаки?

          January 27, 2016

          [deactivated user]

            No, genitive is a different way of indicating possession. «У Ада́ма есть соба́ка» means 'Adam has a dog', «соба́ка Ада́ма» means 'Adam's dog'.

            January 27, 2016


            Has instead of have?

            May 25, 2017


            The only accordance with have is with men not man

            May 25, 2017


            WHY are we using plural form?

            June 2, 2017


            muzhchiny is a plural?! it's not man it's men

            September 26, 2017


            I am too confused the way duolingo accepts has and have.. can anyone help me out?

            April 16, 2018


            Because when you have an inversion in a question, it's "does the man have bread" not "does the man has bread".

            June 24, 2018


            Here you want "has got" and it was rejected in the previous sentence ( the woman has already an apple) Can we understand why?

            May 25, 2018


            Why it doesn't accept it if I put Does the man have a bread?

            September 1, 2018


            Because "bread" is not countable by itself, so you can't say "a bread", you'd have to say "a loaf/slice/piece of bread". In this case, we don't know how much bread he has, so it's just "bread".

            September 1, 2018


            The voice sounds more like a statement than a question. Is this the case in everyday life?

            April 17, 2019
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