This Duo example is intended to show that no matter how short the sentence, no matter what it means, if you include the person's name in the sentence and you want to be polite you add the patronymic form to the name. If you don't feel the need or have the desire to be polite then you don't add the patronymic. Choosing to add or not add the patronymic is your choice. It is not dictated by any thing in the sentence.
Conjecture about what context, meaning or style is intended by this sentence is irrelevant. The speaker/writer is saying ....yes. That is all there is to it. He then adds someone's name to it. No more, no less.
So would they also add the patronymic if they're annoyed, like we use someone's full name? "Samantha Abigail Milliner, GET DOWN HERE THIS INSTANT!" Could this sentence be interpreted as someone snapping at Ivan? I know the meaning is irrelevant, but I was interested in going further. Thank you for your helpful comment!
Russian names are composed of a first name + patronymic + last name. The patronymic is a name that indicates the name of your father. For example, if Viktor's father is called Boris, Viktor patronymic would be Borisovich ("son of Boris"), if Viktor has a sister, her patronymic would be Borisovna ("daughter of Boris").
@Ryanobt - The Patronymic is derived from the father's first (given) name, hence the root "Patr" (like Pater; Father).
It is not a middle name like we have in many Western countries, it's determined automatically by the father's first name. And then the family name is also based on the father's last name (they are rather traditionalist there, it would be very uncommon for the woman's last name to become a family's name at marriage).
Russians use the both variants. You can call somebody (not your relative nor a friend) Иван Иванович or Иван + last name. Just, when you use the first variant, you sound better and more beautiful.
There are actually some special rules. If you use only the patronymic (to a very close friend, in an ironic way. But note, now young people don't use this way, that is okay only for the adult generation), you should use a short variant (yeah, the short variant of the patronymic, a very colloqial variant): for example: Иван Иванович! - Иваныч! (imagine, that Иваныч is your close friend, your buddy) Владимир Васильевич! - Василич!
But nonetheless, i am repeating, it is not common nowadays.
Yeah, I suppose I didn't understand your question and I hesitated to ask again.
If your father's name isn't Russian (for example, John, George, Ben or Etan), you shouldn't use your patronymic, because patronymics are formed only from names used for Russian children and only for Russian children. So, no "Джонович/Джорджович/Бенович/Итанович" can be formed. (Actually, they can be formed and used but only for jokes or ironical phrases -- or only if you want to become a real Russian guy)
So, conclusion: if you come to one of the countries where Russian is spoken, there is no need for you to use a patronymic. You can just name your first name and it will be totally okay -- sometimes now even older people don't name their patronymic in some informal situations.
Patronymics are used by adults (or by children when they address to an adult) in formal conversations. But foreign people don't use their patronymics in Russia because they always sound funny.
This was also true in the 19th century Russian empire. People of some nationalities did not use patronymics. Some of such people had two names (as is usual for Americans today). The notation "of two names" was not rare in acts officially registering a birth, marriage, or death. In some cases with a patronymic given in a birth act in which the father had two names, one of the names was used to form the patronymic. In other cases, both names were used to form one patronymic. The instances of patronymics being given was rare in the records I have seen, and I don't have enough cases to guess at the rules, if any.
If you say it to russians they will not understand you. I would say that it's better to use just name Ivan in that case. Russians names usually have two 'forms': full (official) and short. Ivan - Vanya, Eugenia - Zhenya, Ekaterina - Katya. If you use full name it's enough for official conversations
We can look at Old English and see that a name like that in English would be Leif Ericsson. Or Jon Hendricsson. I think that modern English speakers forget that if they say something like "John's son" or "Johnson", they are unwittingly saying the old vestigial remnants of the English patronymic system.
The inclusion of the patronymic denotes subordination to and/or expression of respect towards Ivan Ivanovich (as in, he is perhaps your boss, professor, or a foreign business partner that you work with on a professional basis but have not established more cordial/friendly relations with, or a doctor, etc.).
Let's say this gentleman's last name was Сидоров. In English you would say Mr. Sidorov, and in Russian you could get away with saying Господин Сидоров, but if you know his имя очество then you're really showin' off your cultural skills and you'll sound more natural.
It's just the word. If you were asking if something was right or not it would be better to use Верно или Правда as opposed to just Да. Just like in English, I don't feel like "yes" and "right?" are synonymous, at least not in this context (but I hesitate to say that since I've spent a few hours on this site and have seen how things that sound abnormal to me are 100% the norm in a different part of the English speaking world).
Easy, same as in English. You hail / call out someone by their name, and the person responds with interrogative "yes?" that simultaneously means an array of things from "you've got my attention" to "what do you want/need from me?" - and there's your "what".
And when you do that like a 10th time in 15 minutes, the meaning of the annoyed "да?" you get in response can be narrowed to a quite harsh "what?" ;)
I'm Russian native speaker. I don't speak English very well yet. But Russian is my native language. So I can tell you exactly what I'm hearing here. Precisely hear. This is definitely not an interrogative sentence. This is an affirmative sentence. "Да, Иван Иванович."
Option 1. For example, a person was asked if Ivan Ivanovich is her (or his) boss or friend or business partner or someone else. This implies that it could be someone else who is also known to the parties of the conversation. But it turned out that the questioner guessed right. And this precisely Ivan Ivanovich. She or he confirms it.
Option 2. The man was asked (perhaps on the phone, but not necessarily) if his name is Ivan Ivanovich. And he confirms it: "Да, Иван Иванович."
Option 3. Ivan Ivanovich asked him something. And this person answers the question in the affirmative, adding the name of the questioner. But in this case there will be no pause after "Да"
Option 4. Ivan Ivanovich began conversation, calling someone by name (for example, in office). And this person confirms with this answer that he hears and will not miss the information. But in this case there will be no pause after "Да" too. In this version, this phrase can sometimes be written as a question, as done in this exercise. This question mark may emphasize the interest of the person in the conversation with Ivan Ivanovich. With this answer the person seems to say: "Yes, and what exactly do you want to say? I'm listening carefully"