1. Forum
  2. >
  3. Topic: Russian
  4. >
  5. "У тебя есть время на кошек?"

"У тебя есть время на кошек?"

Translation:Do you have time for cats?

November 12, 2015



ВСЕГДА у меня время на кошек!! :-)

That said I am getting a very evil eye from them right now for trying to finish this lesson and not feeding them (yet).


Тоже у меня. Они нетерпеливо ждут свой завтрак.


Да,но у кошек нет времени на меня.


Could a native speaker or experienced learner explain why "на " is used here, and not "для " or "за"? Thanks!


Сколько вы истратили на починку? – How much did you spend for repairs?. Here на(FOR (purpose or use)) + accusative is used when denoting a purpose or use.


Yes, but wouldn't you also say "Я плачу деньги за ремонт" (I pay money for the repairs)? I still don't get на vs. за vs. для…


me too, and there is still not satisfying answer to this question yet.


Native speaker here. Well, the question about using на, за and для is a bit complicated. So I'll try to explain. At first let's see with which cases we can use на, за and для. Let's start with the last one. Для takes genitive and that's all. На takes either accusative or prepositional/locative. And за takes either accusative or instrumental. Now bad news. These prepositions have many different meanings including the one of purpose/use. Let's begin with для: 1. something for someone: entrance for spectators - вход для зрителей; 2. something for something: folder for papers - папка для бумаг; 3. do something for something/someone: I am doing it for him - Я делаю это для него; 4. do not know how to explain but the example will help, I think: It was unexpected for me - Это было неожиданно для меня. Now, the next one is на. It has 10 or more meanings, I think. So let's just see how it works: На indicates the intended purpose of the object or action. So it means that на is more or less the same as для in this case. But... When indicating the goal towards which the action is directed, the prepositions differ: 1) semantic shades (для brings a greater shade of purposefulness): использовать для местных нужд - use for local needs; истратить на местные нужды - spend on local needs; 2) stylistic shades (на bring a colloquial shade): Для чего вам эти вещи? — На что вам эти вещи? - Why do you need these things? And btw на takes accusative in these examples. So, what do we have in the example время на кошек? The meaning is that maybe someone will spend some time on being with cats (and possibly playing with them). So, to spend time on something - тратить время на что-то. And then: у тебя есть время, и ты можешь потратить его на + accusative ~ у тебя есть время на + accusative. Finally за. За has more than 20 meanings. In "Я плачу деньги за ремонт" за indicates an object, circumstance, etc., which is the reason for some actions. And if we speak about purpose using за... Well, the easiest example i can think of is this: fighting for justice - борьба за справедливость.


I always have time for ❤❤❤❤❤.


I got this right, but I am wondering? How do you know from a written phrase translating in English if you have to omit the article or not? Is the preposition a guide for the meaning?


Unfortunately I think the overall context in the entire paragraph or dialogue is your best guide. One sentence is not enough to tell you in many cases.


How do we get кошек from кошки and время from времeна?


время will be the nominative-- 'time to you is'. The unexpected forms in other cases are the result of historical language development, in a very general way like how мать has unexpected forms in the other cases-- it's irregular. кошек is functionally accusitive, so, as an animate plural noun, it takes genitive forms, like ph516503 says. Genitive plurals have a lot of different formulas, but actually, as a feminine noun ending in "a", кошка's change to кошек is pretty common/regular.


I'm ready to be corrected by someone who knows what they are talking about :-) , but I think these are the genitive plurals of each noun. Personally I haven't done them yet, but I keep coming across dark hints that genitive plurals are very complex and will be tackled later in the tree...


A teacher of mine once opined that the genitive plural is "the heart of darkness in the Russian soul!"


A long time ago it was vertmen - vertmena, then vermę - vermena, then vr'em'a - vr'em'ena.


Is "do you have time for the cats" wrong?


I do not think it is wrong. You may ask this question meaning specifically someone's cats or the cats you have talked about: У тебя есть время на (своих/этих) кошек?


Thanks. It was marked wrong. I'll report it next time.


It's now accepted as correct.


So do the words раз and время both mean time?


The English word "time" has multiple meanings. One is "the time" - the clock. The other is

Раз is an incident, or a repetition. Ешё раз - one more time Разговор (раз + говор) (time + talk) - conversation

Время is time, when talking about the clock or an amount of... Time.


Why are we using на as "for"?


Same question here, and why does "cats" take the genitive?


I got время wrong because it sounded like врими(?), and I had no idea what word it was supposed to be. I knew it had something to do with cats, but I've only encountered the genitive plural following numbers so the на threw me off as well.


is кошек in accusative?


Yes, it is. For animate beings, the accusative and the genitive are the same. Not true, however, for inaminate objects.


But why is it accusative?


If you like cats and are planning to get some of your own, a friend might ask if you really have time to take care of them.

Learn Russian in just 5 minutes a day. For free.