Why wouldn't 'Do you want the salad' be correct? Like if you ordered if from a menu? Mine was marked wrong.
The very same happened to me. I did not think it would make too much difference seen as how Russian has no direct translation of the articles, "a" and "the"
Probably because prepositions aren't involved in this semtence. If it asks "Do you want the salad on the table" then that'll involve "the" in the sentence. In addition, salad is uncountable.
Would "do you want some salad" work?
This noun has a special partitive form, so if you want to say ”some salad”, you can ask «не хочешь салату?».
Не хочешь салата is also possible
I'm confused now. I get (I think) "салата" because you've changed it to genitive which is used for parts of a whole or "some". But the "Не" I don't understand.
Не is "not", so the sentence translates to something like "don't you want some salad" or "how about having some salad". It can be omitted no problem though - (не) хочешь салат/а/у?
"салата" would be the normal genitive.
"салату" would be the partitive genitive.
Some special masculine nouns take "- у(ю)" when in the partitive genitive sense, e.g "чай=чаю".
more on it here
Native Russian never says не хочешь салату, only не хочешь салат/не хочешь салата
Is салат the nominative form? I assume this is the accusative case; so according to the rules as I understand them an inanimate masculine noun would remain in nominative form.
How do you say :do you want some salad Using the plural form of you
do you want salad
would it be more usual to use a polite form for asking for or offering food? Such as would you like or can I have....?
ты хочет салат
No thanks, i'm good
Russians can hear three different sentences here: about a person, who wants the salad (accent on ты), about degree of desire(accent on хочешь) and about a kind of food (accent on салата/салат - these are equivalent forms here).
If I am using an English text to answer in phonetics...how will I ever get past this?
I was gonna ask the same thing!
No, I would not, because I am not a rabbit.
Salad? I ain't no giraffe....