Not early. I saw a commode in a hospital.I think it is a "стульчак" .The утка is different from this. When patients don't seat (just lie)they can't use a commode. If the patient feels very ill, the nurses put diapers on him. Imagine a man who broke both legs. He'll be ashamed to pee in the diaper as the child. The утка is a solution for a delicate problem. I can't insert true image, I will send you a link in private. P.S. утка = суднО (the accent on the letter o// сУдно it is a ship:))) Thank you for conversation. Sorry for my mistakes.
Меня is the accusative or direct object, or the thing the verb is acting on. In English the easiest way to make sense of this is to think of a sentence like "I like you" or "You like me"; you can see how "I" becomes "me". In this sentence, it's the duck who's being acted upon, it is the direct object, it is being given so it goes into the accusative, from утка to утку.
Мне is the dative or indirect object, in English this would often, but not always, be translated as to me. This particular sentence could equally (and perhaps more helpfully, for the beginner) be translated as "Give the duck to me", it's just that with the word order as it stands, it's not necessary and sounds a little strange. ("Give to me the duck" sounds oddly formal.)
(Russian uses the dative in some places where we don't use the preposition to, but usually there's a sense of direction or movement towards in the verb, so it makes sense. For example, call me and write (to) me both take the dative.)
If I wanted to say "give me to the duck", then I would become the direct object (the thing being given) and the duck would become the indirect object (the thing the direct object was being given to): дайте меня утке. Then you'd use меня and утка would be in the dative, утке. (Yes, I know that's a really weird sentence, but I'm just trying to use what's here to clarify ;))
I'm tired and uncertain how helpful I'm being here 8-o but if you think of меня as being roughly equivalent to "me" and мне as being roughly equivalent to "to me", then you're at least heading in the right direction.
(Меня is also the genitive (of me) and мне is also the prepositional (always used with prepositions), so this explanation is imperfect, but I'm hoping it gives you something to hang on to.)
Sometimes we do not say it, for example if it is cooked (and not a pet) and you are ordering in a restaurant you might say “I’ll have duck.” This is much like how you could say “I’ll have soup,” or “I’ll have pasta,” without being specific. Those examples also allow for “the” to be more emphatic in sound. “I’ll have salad,” and “I’ll have the salad.” Both are correct.
Well, every noun has an accusative case. It's just that for inanimate nouns except feminine nouns the accusative is identical to the nominative. But animate or inanimate has no impact on the singular forms of feminine nouns. Feminine nouns ending in -а or -я change to -у and -ю, respectively, whether animate or otherwise.
Note also that the definition of animate or inanimate is attached to the word, not to the specific object. Even if we assume here that this specific duck is cooked and inanimate, "утка" is still an animate word. This doesn't have any impact on the singular forms, but it does in the plural where accusative matches genitive plural "уток" rather than nominative plural "утки".
I have a problem with polite Russian speech. How do you distinguish a request from an order? Can Дайте мне утку. mean 'Could you give me a duck'? Is it necessary to add, eg. пожалуйста?
I thought that because Дайте мне is in the plural form it can be also polite speach. And because it's polite (when spoken to one person) I can translate it as a polite request ('Could you give me a duck') but Duo only acepted a blunt order ('Give me a duck').