"Папы здесь нет."
Translation:Dad is not here.
Папы здесь нет means, literally, "There is no dad here". The construction "there is no" is translated as нет + genitive case. You could say Папа не здесь, which would be a literal translation of "Dad is not here" (the word "is" (есть) is omitted, as usual)
есть cannot be used in a negative statement. For these types of simple statements, there are two formulas:
у + GEN + (есть) + NOM
Example: У меня есть машина.
Translation: I have a car.
Literally: At me (or near me) there is a car.
у + GEN + нет + GEN
Example: У меня нет машины.
Translation: I don't have a car.
Literally: At me (or near me) is not of car.
Another note on the inclusion/exclusion of есть. If you are introducing something that was previously unknown and the emphasis is on its EXISTENCE, use есть. If you are giving detail about something that is already known to exist, do not use есть. This is generally true for these types of statements, but not without exception.
A. У тебя есть машина? (does the car exist or not?) B: Да, у меня есть машина. (yes, it does exist) A: Какая машина у тебя? (what kind of car do you have?)
This is a grammatical example and people don't really speak with such complete ideas for such a simple conversation.
Thank you for this tip! It's really helpful. Could you please give example sentences for the two formulas you listed above?
I just thought of it as "Here is not Dad". That makes "Dad" directly affected by "not" and thus put into Genitive case.
What would be the difference between "Папа здесь нет." and "Папы здесь нет."?
"Papa's not here" is grammatically equivalent to the translation you give and should not be considered wrong. Many English-speaking children say Papa (or Daddy) instead of Dad or Father. The apostrophe with an s at the end of a word is a conversational equivalent to the word is.
Report the sentence using the button provided within the lesson if you have a valid translation (though try to make sure it is valid). It's not what the discuss sentence function is for, hence the big red warning sign when you come to it from within a lesson.
Emphasis. "Father is not HERE" and "Father is NOT here". I think that's the order, but I am still confused by this point, myself.
I thought genitive needs a у so I expected it would be у папы здесь нет why not???
Why isn't 'Father is now here now' accepted? Would the 'now' be another word added? The tips and notes construes the conjugation as there being no object there 'at the moment'. Very confusing.
I've been asked to translate this sentence five times in a row on my first tun through of this lesson. It's not really helping me learn, especially with such a straightforward phrase.