"On lit le journal."

Translation:We are reading the newspaper.

January 8, 2013

42 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/northernguy

On is used to refer to an undefined group. The closest equivalent in English is the term one when it is used to refer to an undefined group.

eg: one feels better for the experience. One, as it used here, doesn't mean only one person would feel better. It means everyone would feel better. It is undefined and unlimited. In English such a construction is regarded as formal and is rare.

The French equivalent is on. It refers to an undefined, unlimited group. It is considered an informal form of speech and is very common.

You can consider French on to be equivalent to English one only if you are using one in a formal sense. Thinking of on as equivalent to you plural is misleading because you plural excludes the speaker. On includes the speaker as well as everybody else.

February 6, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Reavenk

So if I were to talk about something I'm personally doing, specifically me, with other people I closely know, I would always use nous?

February 7, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/northernguy

Theoretically, yes but remember that nous is considered somewhat formal in ordinary conversation. I mean, there are no language police around to ensure correct speech like there is in the testing done by Duo. (unless you are in Quebec and then they are only worried about you slipping some English into daily life). No one would be offended by you using on when nous might be more appropriate.

At least that is my understanding as someone who has not and does not engage in conversation with native French speakers.

February 7, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Finlay624351

Thanks
You just helped me out greatly

July 5, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DeWayne119635

The weird thing is the 'lit' being singular

November 8, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/northernguy

Remember that on refers to an undefined group.

The navy is in town refers to a lot of people but is singular because it is a (defined) group.

November 8, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Pedro.Pula

I lost a heart because of "Someone", pffft

February 11, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/withouts

"Someone reads the newspaper" was incorrect but someone is listed as a translation of "on." Is that wrong?

March 27, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Sitesurf

"Nous" is 1st person plural whenever you want to express that the subject is yourself + at least one other person. However, in the oral and familiar French language, "on" replaces "nous" very often. Please note that "on" is 3rd person singular and therefore is conjugated like il/elle. In some cases you use "on" while it is not a replacement for "nous" but a non defined subject.

  • "on a fait ça"=> you don't name the person having done that, you don't know who did that, so the real subject may be yourself, a third party or your counterpart: "I did that" or "he/she/someone did that" or "you did that", or as I said before: "we did that".
March 27, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/withouts

Thanks.

March 28, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ChayanBanerjee

But since "on" is 3rd person singular, why does the answer say " We are reading". It should have been "Someone is reading" or "One is reading" only.

February 6, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/northernguy

When one is used in English it is rendered in third person singular, even when it is used in a formal sense where it means we. The same is true for on in French.

February 7, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AdarshKS

In notes it is given that "Francophones usually say on to refer to "us", "them"... So when i wrote "they are reading the news paper" it marked me wrong... Why ??

December 28, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/northernguy

Using they excludes the speaker. On includes the speaker.

December 28, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/YaziThePolarBear

This sentence is very basic but is easy to get wrong. I fell for the trick of the french language.):

January 30, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/manohg01

are on and nous interchangeable?

January 8, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Sitesurf

Not always but in usual conversations, "on" is often used instead of "nous"

January 8, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/manohg01

thanks!

January 9, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kinggambit

top comment said that "on" is essentially "one" (i.e. "one does not simply walk into Mordor"). I'm assuming "on" has varied meanings then? (I don't see how "on" would be used in conversations)

June 4, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Sitesurf

Primarily, "on" replaces "nous" in conversations, so it appears very often.

June 4, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/maverickpl

Why would this not be "lisons"?

February 6, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Sitesurf

"lisons" works with "nous". With "on" (3rd person singular), the verb is "lit".

February 7, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Dritjon

I wrote it "On lit le journal" but it says "The answer doesn't apper to be french". What is wrong?

March 6, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Dritjon

I wrote it "On lit le journal" but it says "The answer doesn't apper to be french". What is wrong?

March 6, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Yrleyjander

Someone reads the newspaper is also acceptable

August 23, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AlQuzMar

I translated this to english passive: 'the journal is read'. It was correct. Is this right and commonly used? This is my first touch with french passive. (=

September 9, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JieZhang12

I think "someone is reading" should just be as correct as "one is reading"...

October 28, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/northernguy

This example brings up a tricky issue for English speakers.

This use of one in English appears to refer to one person so it is natural to think someone would apply as well. But one as used here is the exact opposite. It is closer to how everyone is sometimes used in English.

We = defined group that includes the speaker/writer, the listener reader and all others understood by participants. There are actually two groups. The group that is referred to by the use of we. The other group is comprised of all those not included in we.

One (as used in this Duo example) = undefined group that could include everyone, known or unknown. Or not. It is undefined. There is only one group being referred to.

We read the newspaper after supper. A person could quite reasonably ask .....who are you including when you say we? That is because when you say we you are excluding others.

One reads the newspaper after supper. A person could quite reasonably ask....you mean there are no exceptions. That is because one refers to an undefined group that could include absolutely everybody. Using one in this fashion in contemporary English usually suggests the speaker considers that everyone that matters is included. One reads the newspaper (and if they don't, they aren't worth considering)

Generally, English speakers prefer the use of the defined group we, to the point that many are unaware of the English alternative one for the undefined group.

French speakers prefer to use the undefined group on/one. (without the judgement often contained in English one) but do frequently use the defined group nous/we format.

Because we is a defined group with more than one person, it takes the first person plural nous lisons.

Because one (as used in this Duo example) is an undefined group with maybe one person or a billion and is therefore just one group of unknown size, it takes the third person singular on lit.

October 28, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Sitesurf

someone = quelqu'un - in other words, the speaker is not included.

Whereas "on lit" can include the speaker.

October 28, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/northernguy

The trouble is that many, if not most, native English speakers are unfamiliar with the use of one to refer to an undefined group. When they see one as a possible translation of on they believe that it means just one person. To them, it seems like another way to say someone.

When one is used to refer to an undefined group in English it always includes the speaker. So I am wondering if you mean that in French on may sometimes not include the speaker?

October 28, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Sitesurf

I am aware of the difficulty to grasp the idea of an indefinite pronoun that can be someone, we, you, one, they... depending on context.

  • "on doit se laver les dents après chaque repas": this mode of recommendation is very usual. It does not point to someone in particular but to all of us. You would probably translate it to "we" or "you", depending on your position vs your audience.

  • "on a pris nos manteaux et on est sortis": note the agreements in plural for this alternative to "nous avons..." = "we put on..."

  • "il faut qu'on sorte la poubelle": at home, with family, it means: can someone take the garbage out? Clearly, the speaker does no intend to do it. So, depending on the number of family members around, it can be "someone" or "you".

  • "quand on est triste, il faut pleurer": this could be translated to "one" if you don't want to specifically point to someone in particular, but "you" might be more usual for such a saying.

  • "on dit que la guerre va encore durer longtemps": probably the information comes from the media, so "they say" could do well.

October 28, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/northernguy

Thanks for your timely response.

Because one is used so rarely in English (in the sense we are talking about) it seems to have a slightly different meaning in French.

Your example of the garbage discussion with the family illustrates it nicely

In English, saying ...it is necessary that one takes out the garbage..... means that everyone has an obligation to take out the garbage and that if it is not being taken out, everyone needs to participate in finding a solution.

Very often, when one is used that way in English, it is a face saving gesture because social context may indicate that it is indeed a very narrow, defined group that actually has the obligation. The speaker says one even though it is clear that context means in reality it is you, them, someone who will actually take up the obligation. However, the reason that it saves face is because it explicitly says that it includes everybody even if reality dictates that it doesn't actually do so. Since English speakers aren't very big on saving face, the notion of distributing responsibility by using one has pretty well disappeared in English conversation.

From what you are saying, Duo was wrong to reject the answer from JieZhang12 where he used someone as a translation of on.

October 28, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Sitesurf

In the absence of a context, I agree that "someone" cannot be dismissed. So, I added it to the list of accepted translations. Thanks.

October 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/northernguy

Sitesurf:

Thanks for responding so quickly, with both explanation and action, to the conversation

October 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Gisella_15

I dont know if it was only me but I can't understand the first word. I played a lot but I didnt get it.

March 26, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Foggybottom52

why can't you say . . . nous lisons le journal

August 22, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/KeshavGosa

good

January 15, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/christinef291986

I don't understand why they translate it as "we" when "on" is "one" One normally reads a newspaper before work, etc.

August 26, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/northernguy

You can read the other comments on this page to understand why it is that on means more than one person.

To put it in short form, youк own sentence means more than one person. One reads a newspaper before work clearly does not mean only one person in the world reads a newspaper before work.

Read the comments to see why on/one takes third person singular even though it means many more than one person.

August 26, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Hstrodl

Wouldn't "we are reading the paper" be translated as nous lisons le journal?

January 13, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Petros851

"He is reading the newspaper?" Why is not correct?

February 1, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/northernguy

There are multiple explanations regarding your question on this page already. Please read them and if you are still confused you can expand on this post. Also, please try and make that a habit in the future.

February 2, 2019
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