"My house is near the café."
Translation:Мой дом возле кафе.
mother was genitive after возле in another question. Why isn't café genitive here? Shouldn't it be кафя?
When using рядом, why does it have to be «с кафе» instead of just «кафе»?
Рядом is the russian instrumental case for ряд (row, rank). I think this it used the same way as in other slavic languages ie. the adjacent, the next in line, in order, «с кафе» (from the cafe).
I think because:
мой дом рядом кафе = My home is besides the/a cafe мой дом рядом с кафе = My home is besides/near the/a cafe
not so different, but the second one is closer to the sentence given here.
Well, I am not Russian, so these are only my thoughts.
There are many ways to translate "near" into russian. "Рядом с (домом)", "возле (дома)", "около (дома)", "неподалеку от (дома)", "у (дома)". They mean quite the same. The first 3 are more P.S. "Мой дом рядом кафе" is not correct. But in some cases you can omit "с кафе".
if you will omit "c", it will be something like enumeration of street objects (for example). мой дом, рядом кафе - here is my house and the cafe is further (sorry for grammar, if it is incorrect)
Рядом is more like "right next to". It's more like "next door" than "near". It takes the dative case, but i couldn't tell you why.
"po redom" in croatian, means something like "the next in line". Рядом is the russian instrumental case for ряд (row, rank). I think this it used the same way as in other slavic languages ie. the adjacent, the next in line, in order...
I am certainly no native; but I believe it's because Мой triggers the genitive... which would be дом in this case.
No. Дом is the subject here, so it's nominative. Have a look at the difference between personal, possessive pronouns and possessive adjectives.
All pronouns always REPLACE nouns. Adjectives are tagged on to nouns.
Мой is tagged on to дом (rather than replacing it), so it's an adjective (not a pronoun).
Adjectives follow the declension of their nouns - not the other way round. So мой cannot trigger anything in its noun. Instead, мой, as an adjective, follows the case of its noun, дом. Since дом is the subject if the sentence, it's in the nominative case. So мой is also in the nominative case.
Some English examples: https://www.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_difference_between_personal_and_possessive_pronouns