Translation:I am writing a long letter to my children.
Well actually учитель means teacher and учить to teach. Учиться as a reflectiv verb means to learn ;) Other prepositions are: В - in --> воидти, входить (то еnter) Вы - Out --> выидти, выходить (to leave, (also "так вышло" - it came "out" to this) До - to the end, till --> допить (to drink the rest) --> добраться до... - getting to... Под - like "till", near --> подойдти - to come near, подходить - also to be like something (он тебе подходить) С - down --> сбросить - to throw down --> спуститься - to go down Вз - up --> взлететь - to fly up --> взрывать - to blow up У - out, away --> уйдти - to go out --> убить - to kill Пере - changing, transformation, again --> переехать - to move (to another appartment) --> переделать - to make it again --> переводить - translate По - often like "starting a movement" --> пошли! - let's go But also often the perfect form of the verb --> завтравать/ позавтракать
I hope I didnt forget a preposition... and sorry for the undetailed explenation, but there are a lot of exceptions and other rules (especially concerning the verbs of movement)... But its more like a feeling you need for the prepositions ;)
Gah, I knew I was going to get things wrong - but I got some great information from you! Definitely saving this, hugely helpful!
> I hope I didnt forget a preposition...
You forgot at least two, though I could be completely wrong again. :) (Regardless, don't feel like you have to add them in, though)
На и При
> and sorry for the undetailed explenation,
Oh goodness no! Your examples were great. I imagine the details would take forever to fully explain. But what you posted was really helpful!
> but there are a lot of exceptions and other rules (especially concerning the verbs of movement)...
English is my native language, we exist entirely on strict rules and then numerous exceptions to those same rules. Though I never really noticed how much we did that before now.
> But its more like a feeling you need for the prepositions ;)
Oh definitely. From what I've read, it's those little "function words" (or, in the case of Russian, prefixes) that you learn early in life and just innately know how to use that are much more difficult for someone newly learning the language. I'm not going to romanticize things and say "there's a poetry to it" but it's definitely a shift in mindset and how you look at things. So far it seems like most of them do make a certain amount of sense in some fashion.
I'll get there, I hope. Honestly, it's puzzles like these that are half-logic and half-art that keep me interested in Russian.
I'm still not sure about находить (it's in/on this place but... moving?). But that could have been one of those movement verbs you were talking about.
Thank you again.
This is one of the things that I like and find really interesting about Russian. This happens everywhere (I'm sure you know these - and hopefully I'm getting it right, but for others) - off the top of my head:
учить - To learn
читать - To read
учитель - To teach
Not to mention how it seems like Russian word construction works a lot like legos - you just have to find the pieces that fit and if you know some of them you can kind of figure out (or more easily remember) the rest:
никогда - "Never" = ни - "No" + когда - "When"
никто/ничто - No one/Nothing = ни - "No" + кто/что - "Who/What"
входить - "To Enter" = в - "In" + ходить - "To Go"
For all of the frustrating things about Russian, the word construction seems really interesting and organized... well, like many things Russian, it's like that right up until the point where it's very much not that way at all.
I used моим first and it marked me wrong. Russian uses this completely different pronoun family when referring to something that is “my own”, “your own”, “his/her/their own”, which is quite elegant when you think about it; English has no equivalent, so when you say “they sold their house” you don’t have to guess which “they” it is.
I seem to recall French had something similar: “soi-meme”?
So для is "for".
Yes, but not always. Best I can figure from what I've (struggled to) read:
Для seems pretty common but За and На are also used for "for".
This could absolutely be confirmation bias but it seems like Для is a "generic" "for".
За seems to be a "for" for a purpose or result or a forward motion.
The На usage I... don't quite grasp yet.
But, like I said in another reply to you, I'm kind of guessing.