Why is "cupboard" not allowed for "шкаф"?
Here in Scotland, you can easily hang clothes in a cupboard, but you tend to fold clothes and put them in the wardrobe.
Two cultures separated by the same language - again.
In the US it would be the opposite - here a "cupboard" usually has shelves for storing crockery, plates, cups, knick-knack. A "wardrobe" is essentially a free-standing closet - a large wooden box with doors in which you can hang clothes. There might be shelves at the top or bottom of a wardrobe, but there has to be enough vertical free space in which to hang even long coats.
I've been living in Russia for a while and shkaf is a word that my expat community uses in English... It took me a moment to figure out what real English word to use, haha!
This actually is prepositional; шкаф takes an irregular conjugation, just like floor, пол. Кошка лежит на полу. The cat lays on the floor.
No, the prepositional of шкаф is шкафе. "Я говорю о шкафе" = "I am talking about the wardrobe". Шкафу with stress on the final у is locative. There are a few nouns where the prepositional and locative cases do not coincide. Шкаф is one of those nouns.
No-one would use 'cabinet' in normal English, unless the suit was in a glass display cabinet (for example in a shop window). It would be wardrobe or cupboard.
Why can't we use present sipmle here?
- (Looking into the empty wardrobe) Honey, where is my suit?
- You know, it hangs in our wardrobe... Usually.
- But it's not there... and where is it now?
I'm not sure how natural that sounds fot a native English speaker. I guess we have to wait for them to answer that. However:
- 'Suitcase" means "чемодан". "Костюм" is "suit".
- It's probably a typo but it's "hangs" not "hands". "To hand" means "давать", "протягивать", "передавать".
Duo wouldn't have accepted your answer with those mistakes. even if it normally accepts the present simple in this case.
"it hangs in our wardrobe...usually" sounds unnatural to me. "It's usually in the wardrobe" is more natural.
Present simple just doesn't sound right here - it could be used in some unusual context, but that's not what we're dealing with here.
Wardrobe is not commonly used in America as a place to hang clothing. It basically took on a more definite meaning during the infamous halftime incident at the Superbowl involving Janet Jackson (as in the phrase, wardrobe malfunction) and I believe it is used pretty well exclusively now to refer to a performer's costume or an assortment of clothing for models, actors and entertainers.
Most clothing would hang in a closet which is a separate small room for that purpose. Freestanding cabinetry to hold clothing is rare now, and the word wardrobe might be used but that usage would puzzle many Americans.