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  5. "Он любит свою жену."

"Он любит свою жену."

Translation:He loves his wife.

November 21, 2015



why is it not cвоего?

[deactivated user]

    Because 'жена́' is a feminine noun, and 'свою́' is a feminine form.

    If there was a masculine word, you’d use 'своего́':

    • Она́ лю́бит своего́ му́жа. 'She loves her husband.' (because му́ж is a masculine noun)


    I thought свою was a neutral accusative form... If there is the word своего, i thought there would be a своё. Am i wrong?


    свою is singular feminine accusative and indeed своё does exist with the singular neuter nominative/accusative form. свой is straightforward because it exactly matches the endings of мой and твой.


    Is there a way to distinguish between like and love for people? For example how would one say "he likes his wife but does not love her"?

    [deactivated user]

      «Ему́ нра́вится его жена́, но о́н её не лю́бит».

      (Since with «нра́вится», the subject of the sentence is «жена́» and not «он», we can't use «своя́» because «своя́» means the owner is the same as the subject of the sentence.)


      Thank you szeraja, helpful as always :-)


      шэрая means ‘grey’ in Belarusian. In Russian, it’s серая. ☺


      Свой is the Russian reflexive possessive pronoun. It is used like Мой (my), and has the same forms.

      It is used when the owner of something is the subject of the sentence clause. (Its use is required in the 3rd person, and optional in the 1st and 2nd. Although it is almost always used if the subject is ты).

      For example, Иван любит свою собаку - Ivan loves his (own) dog.


      It's not required in the third person, it's just even more likely to be used in that situation because not using it adds ambiguity.


      Common questions about this sentence:

      Why is "likes" not accepted? - When used with people, любить means "love" and нравиться means "like". (A better explanation: https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/11754722)

      Why свою? - Свою is the accusative singular feminine of свой.

      Why жену? - Жену is the accusative singular of жена.

      Why accusative and not genitive? - The confusion here may have been caused by seeing a similar sentence with a masculine noun (e.g. "Он любит своего мужа") and interpreting it as genitive. What's going on here is that specifically for ANIMATE (living, moving) masculine nouns, such as people or animals, the accusative case will match the genitive (with everything, including adjectives and numerals). For INANIMATE masculine nouns, the accusative case will match the nominative. Hence why even though брат and стол are both masculine, you say:

      "Я вижу своЕГО братА"


      "Я вижу своЙ стол".


      May I ask what case it is for "жену"?

      [deactivated user]



        Man this phrase would have been so awkward had I not yet known the difference betwern его and свою

        [deactivated user]

          If i translate this from Russian i could have accidentally cause a homicide.. it still feels like "he loves your wife" or "he loves his(another guys) wife" one thing i am sure that this devoted guy is a cheater.


          I'm a bit confused about why this isn't in genitive ? I thought that when a person is an object it is declined as a genitive case not accusative?


          Okay you're a little off base there, all direct objects conjugate as accusative.

          What I think you're saying is why isn't the accusative form the same as the genitive. Well that rule holds for masculine singular words but not for feminine or neuter singular. In fact, feminine words usually have clearly separate forms for nominative, accusative and genitive so there's little confusion.


          No I was confused about animate and inanimate forms of accusative which I didn't realise was only for masculine.

          Thanks anyway!


          "He loves his woman" should be an accepted form.




          Likes dosn't cut it when it's about family


          свою is used to я first person for his=свего

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