It could also be translated as "the head teacher" but I "important" is not a correct translation.
So it's not "head of the class", just the main teacher among the other teachers?
I translated it as the head teacher. I don't know how it works in Russia, but in the UK, we have a head teacher (sometimes also called the headmaster or headmistress), who is not only the most senior teacher of a school, but usually has managerial responsibilities, including financial ones. A head teacher may not spend much time actually in the classroom. In fact, in my schooldays (which were a long time ago), I don't think the head teacher ever gave ordinary lessons. They were somewhat remote figures, who appeared on special occasions, and to make important announcements affecting the whole school. Otherwise, you were not very likely to see them, unless you had been very naughty, and got sent to them. I don't know if it's still the same today.
In Russia such a teacher is called (if I understand correctly the meaning of "head teacher" in English) Завуч (ЗАВедующий Учебной Части), the person in charge of a part of the studying process at school (can't put the literal translation here :( unfortunatelly)
That's right Btw I gave "headteacher" which Duo said was nearly right but needed a space But in the UK it's one word, nyet?
I would regard either as acceptable. Note that I subconsciously typed "headmaster" and "headmistress" all as one word, but "head teacher" as two. The Department for Education refers to: "headteachers" https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/396247/National_Standards_of_Excellence_for_Headteachers.pdf , whilst The Guardian (a reputable newspaper, if notorious for typographical errors) has: "head teachers". https://jobs.theguardian.com/jobs/head-teacher/ So I wouldn't mark anyone wrong for using either.
In my opinion, yes. In England it's not so common these days, and I think would be seen as a little old-fashioned, and/or applying to a very traditional kind of school (perhaps public school, or one of the few remaining grammar schools). In other words, both more traditional and more formal than "head teacher". But certainly the meaning is clear, and it's not rare enough to be obsolete, so I would report it as a valid alternative.
is it just me or when Pronunciation Lady says "учитель" it sounds very rushed and out of rhythm with the rest of the sentence and language. Is this how native speakers speak?