"It is an old film, I watched it fifteen years ago."

Translation:Это старый фильм, я смотрела его пятнадцать лет назад.

November 22, 2015

6 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/dave.pretty

and why not тому назад?

November 22, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Shady_arc

«Тому назад» is also possible but quite a bit outdated and bookish (i.e., unlikely to be used by someone younger than 50-60). Also, probably, better with bigger numbers like 100 years ago :)

We accept it in some sentences but I would not recommend using it in spoken or written speech regardless of the level or formality you are aiming at.

From what I can gather from the corpus data, «назад» overtook «тому назад» as the more popular form before the WWII.

November 22, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/dave.pretty

Well, I'm 57, so I guess that explains that. It's four-to-one on Google for 15 лет назад/15 лет тому назад; a sizeable gap, but the latter is certainly not uncommon.

November 22, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Shady_arc

Actually, if you search it correctly, with inverted commas ("15 лет тому назад"), the proportion is 25 to 1.

You can search Google Books, too, where it is more favourable. However, Google Books are not a reliable source when the supposed genre and style differ.

November 22, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/dave.pretty

Actually, I did search properly, but more properly: I wrote out пятнадцать. I guess that does strengthen the generation gap argument.

November 22, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Shady_arc

Not actually a gap... you have to know both expressions anyway. It is not like «тому назад» fell out of use centuries ago. You will still see it used in literature and Soviet era films that you CAN and SHOULD understand. The people who use it will be noticeably older than you, though. That's why I do not recommend learning it that way—even our older learners are probably not THAT old.

Anyway, judging by the corpus data, at your age you still would be an order of magnitude more likely to use just назад in speech or writing if you were a native speaker.

November 22, 2015
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