When listing items, like you are in this sentence, use the singular form unless the listed items themselves are plural.
"Here is a knife, fork, and a plate."--"Here are knives, forks, and plates."
Cannot overstate how unnatural it sounds to use the plural when each thing/object is not plural as well. "Here are a..." doesn't flow unless you are explaining some amount, such as "There ARE A lot of people."
Good ear. Yes, if a voiced consonant comes at the end of a word it will become voiceless.
Хлеб sounds like Хлеп.
Also if a voiced consonant comes immediately before a voiceless consonant it will sound like its voiceless counterpart.
Всё sounds like Фсё.
Likewise, if a voiceless consonant comes immediately before a voiced one, then it too will become voiced.
Сделать sounds like Зделать.
Well, I suppose both should be accepted. вот and вон mean ‘here’ and ‘there’ when you show the item you are talking about, e.g. by pointing at it with your finger. «Вот Россия!» сказал Дима и указал на карту, где Россия. «Где моя тарелка?» – «Вон, на полке!».
вон там means ‘over there’ and is more specific and has more emphasis than just вон.
вот seems to be "bigger" and covers more physical area than здесь. здесь in this sense is more like "right here, in front of us" while вот is more expansive. вот мама vs. здесь моё радио - Mom walks into the room - Here's Mom; I show my radio to a friend - Here's my radio.
Google translate returned "Behold" for вот and "here" for здесь.
Comments elsewhere validate this distinction - but I'm no expert in any sense of the word.
I had "here is" as that is what I would have said in English, and it was correct. I suppose it's a fine distinction in this case; maybe depending on whether objects are being referred to individually ("is") or as several items in a group ("are"). But apparently it's been several months since these posts were made so maybe the answer was changed.
Oh, man, I really like the Oxford comma - I use it all the time. And sometimes it's needed, to make a sentence absolutely clear.
So, if I came across a sentence in Russian where clarity required the Oxford comma, I'd use it, despite what grammarians might have to say about it.
No one can prevent you from doing so, but you’re likely to be introducing more ambiguity. :)
If you use commas where the rules clearly forbid them, the readers will probably think “oh, this text ignores the rules so commas are arbitrary and can’t be relied on for determining ambiguity”. :)
- Мои родители, Трамп и Путин любят меня. (=И мои родители, и Трамп и Путин любят меня.)
- Мои родители, Трамп и Путин, любят меня. (=Мои родители, то есть Трамп и Путин, любят меня.)