Ik heb hulp nodig!
Hi, community. I was wondering if you could offer me some help. Sentence structure with conjunctions is quite puzzling to me and I really have no idea why it is structured the way it is.
What parts are you having trouble with? In general, sentences connected with maar, of (when it means 'or' not if), dus, en, want look like this:
Ik eet appels maar ik eet geen sinaasappels. (I eat apples but I don't eat oranges.)
Sentences with other connecting words such as omdat, of (when it means 'if'), and pretty much everything else look like:
Ik eet appels omdat ze lekker zijn. (I eat apples because they are tasty). Note how the subject 'ze' stays after omdat, but 'zijn' gets moved to the end.
When there's multiple verbs, it goes like this:
Ik eet appels omdat ik meer fruit moet eten. (I eat apples because I must eat more fruit.) The first verb 'moeten' goes before the second one.
There's more subtleties than this, so http://www.dutchgrammar.com/en/?n=WordOrder.00 might help you.
Okay, thank you!
It was with conjunctions like "omdat" and the reversed structure of the end of the sentences.
Specifically, after looking back at the overview, it is with subordinating conjunctions that I get lost, especially since I don't understand half of the words that are in that section of the grammar overview.
Yeah, it is worded a bit confusingly.
From https://www.duolingo.com/skill/dn/Conjunctions : 'If the subordinating clause is placed before the main clause (for emphasis), then the main clause will be inverted; that is, the subject and the verb will switch places.'
This happens whenever words are placed before the main subject, not just subordinating conjunctions like:
Ik eet een appel vandaag vs. Vandaag eet ik een appel.
Doordat ik een appel ben, eet ik geen appels. (Because I'm an apple, I don't eat apples.)
Note how it's still 'ik een appel ben' after doordat though not 'ik ben een appel'.
If you're wondering why the word order isn't changed during, 'Sorry, Ik ben een appel', my best guess is that it's because 'Sorry' can stand on its own. You could say 'Sorry. Ik ben een appel.' but it'd be weird to say, 'Vandaag. Ik ben een appel.'