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https://www.duolingo.com/finndj

Mandarin for English Speakers: Basics 1, Lesson 1

finndj
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<h1>Basics 1</h1>

L1

第一单元,第一课

Dì yī dānyuán, dì yī kè


Hi everyone! Welcome to our first lesson of Mandarin Chinese (中文), using simplified characters. For our first lesson, we will be learning the most basic but fundamental skill of Mandarin: the five tones.

Mandarin is a language that has no alphabet, and instead operates off of a character system. In order for the language to become easier to type on computers, and to make it easier for Westerners, Chinese has a romanised version of the language, called Pinyin (拼音)In this course, you will be learning both the Pinyin and the character for each word.

Chinese pronunciation operates by using five “tones.” These are ā, á, ǎ, à and a. These go for all vowels. tones affect the pronunciation of a word, and in most cases, its meaning.

Here is a link to a youtube clip that describes this, and shows you the pronunciation. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kYjFB-MF1KU

This lesson will not be on the Memrise course.

Words you learnt this lesson:

单元 = Dānyuán = Unit

课 = Kè = Lesson

第一 = Dì yī = The first

中文 = Zhōngwén = Chinese (language)

拼音 = Pīnyīn = Pinyin

ā

á

ǎ

à

a

Current word count: 10


Your homework: This will be due by lesson 2, which is coming tomorrow, as this lesson is fairly short. For your homework, learn how to pronounce every vowel, with each tone marking. Good luck!

谢谢!


This course is being created alongside a Memrise course. Please note that this lesson is not a part of the Memrise course. The next lesson is expected tomorrow. Also, if you are learning with me, could you upvote so that I know how many learners I have? Thanks!

2 years ago

9 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Knoxienne
Knoxienne
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xie xie :)

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/NukuchAjau

谢谢!

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/EpicPowerHero

nice! Thanks!

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/grey236
grey236
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What about the tone "ü"? Like in 绿色, (and yes I knew it's a combination of two tones but it's the only ü tone character I could think of)

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/SuperSquashMann
SuperSquashMann
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I was under the impression that 'ü' was not a tone, but rather a vowel distinct from 'u'. In the Microsoft IME I use to input Chinese via pinyin, you type 'v' to access the 'ü' letter, making me think that if it was simply a tone it would be typed with a 'u' like all other characters.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/blackleaf42
blackleaf42
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You are right, SuperSquashMann! It is not a tone. There are two vowel sounds that are written as "u" in pinyin. Mostly they each collocate with different consonants, so the double use of the "u" isn't confusing, but there are two consonants that can go with both vowels: n and l. So for those two, to make the distinction clear, the regular "u" represents the "wu" sound, and the "ü" represents the "yu" sound.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/finndj
finndj
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This tone is not commonly used, however is still used in Pinyin. I have added this to the lesson. Thanks for reminding me!

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/LangForThought
LangForThought
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谢谢你!

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Double100
Double100
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This is an awesome discussion. ;)

2 years ago