"We are in Russia."

Translation:Мы в России.

November 24, 2015

This discussion is locked.


When is it Россия, and when is it России, and so forth?

[deactivated user]

    Russian nouns have several case forms. For the noun 'Росси́я', you can see them all here (click on the 'Declension of Росси́я' box; you probably won't need the plurals). It would take too much time to describe the functions of all the cases here, it's really better to learn them one-by-one as you progress through the course.

    If you want to get a glimpse of the cases, you can look here (among other places).


    so, just to be totally clear, following the diagram on the Wiki, the ending is because it's preceded by a preposition (the "prepositional" form россии, rather than the dative or the genitive)?


    It is because it is used to indicate location with a preposition that uses the prepositional case (the common ones are only "На", "В" and "О").

    Other prepositions use the genitive instead, like "Возле", "У", and many others.


    So basically when talking about russia, you use Россия, and when you're talking about AT, IN, ON, FROM russia, meaning any position about russia, its России. Example: Я ем россия. Я в России.


    Your take on the Prepositional case seems to be pretty close.

    • 《Я в России.》 --> I am in Russia. (Prepositional)
    • 《Он из России.》 --> He is from Russia. (Genitive, NOT the Prepositional, however it is identical to the Prepositional)

    However, it would not be, Я ем Россия. When a noun is the direct object of a verb - in your example «Россия» is the direct object of the verb «ем» - you must use the Accusative case.

    • 《Я ем Россию.》 --> I am eating Russia. (Accusative)


    Why can't I write "россия" instead of "россии"?


    Hi, I wish you could help me. What's the function of “в" in this sentence?

    [deactivated user]

      It's a preposition like English 'in'.

      The English 'are' (as well as 'is') is usually left untrasnlated in Russian in present tense.


      Thank you very much! :)


      Which case is used here, after в? Is it genitive case? If it's the prepositional case, it should be Россие right? Thanks


      It is prepositional. But feminine words with the ending "ия" (as opposed to just я like неделя) have a different rule where they take the form "ии". They are very common for countries (Россия, Германия).

      You can always check all the cases for a word in wiktionary:


      Learn Russian in just 5 minutes a day. For free.