Translation:He tried to work, even though he wanted to sleep.
They don't. Хотя и is pronounced as /xɐ.'tja.jɪ/ in order make the pronounciation (no one wants a hiatus!). It may sound like the English word I.
И is a soft vowel, and dlfferently from other soft vowels, the /j/ sound before it is only pronpunced when the word before is ending with a vowel to avoid hiatuses.
I hope my explaination is satisfying.
To try: пробовать/попробовать (imperfective/perfective). This can mean "to try" as in "to try food" or "to attempt to do something" and can be used with either a noun (accusative) or an indefinite form of another verb as its object. As far as I can tell, this word must have come from German "probieren" and should be related to English "to probe".
Another common way of saying "to attempt to do something" (but not "to try something"!) would be пытаться/попытаться (imperfective/perfective).
the origin of the word is LATIN Probare ( Probo - probavi - probatum - probare) Spanish Probar. - Italian provare - Portuguese provar - French prouver ( con el sentido de demostrar) this is an Indo-European word certainly from a Sanskrit root. The english to prove may come either directly from LATIN or through the French prouver due to the Norman /French conquest of England in 1066 C.E. the result of which was the formation ( during 200 years) of the modern english language, the most LATIN of the Germanic languages.. German has taken many words from French also, especially verbs : probieren, imitieren studieren- formieren - stabilisieren - markieren - etc and their corresponding words and adjectives. Kaese ( cheese) comes from latin caesum Kaiser from Caesar ( like Tsar or Czar) I am a French-speaking Swiss but German has been my first foreign language ( obligatory since the age of 10) like French is obligartory for the German-speaking Swiss. Then I also learned Swiss German ( ALAMANISCH) which is quite different from German. I can read it but I don't write it fluently.
I never doubted the Latin origin. I simply speculated on how the word made it to Russian. Most loan words came to Russian from German or French. In this particular case the pronunciation of the Russian word is much closer to German than it is to French - hence my strong suspicion.
you are 100% correct. many words also come from Greek ( like in our languages) not to forget the Cyrilic alphabet., of course.. I am glad I also studied clasical Greek together with Latin. It made reading and writing in Russian much easier. My partner in business in Ecuador is from INDIA.He is an Hindouist,follower of Lord Krishna. It is interesting to see how many words are understandable because it is the same family, deriving from Sanskrit. I have found a system like DUOLINGO, but based on French, to study HINDI. Maybe I will do it once I am finished with Russian.