Dallol and Erta Ale/ዳሎል እና ኤርታሌ
Dallol (Amharic: ዳሎል) is a town in the north of Ethiopia, located in the Afar region. It is located in the Danakil Depression, and is roughly 130 meters (430 feet) below sea level.
Dallol is known for its scorching temperatures, and holds the record of the highest average temperature in an inhabited location, with an annual average of 35°C (96°F) between the years 1960 and 1966. Dallol used to be a mining settlement back in the ‘60s for salt, and nowadays is a deserted town, save for the fascinating hydrothermal deposits. Nearby, there is also the Dallol Volcano, which last erupted in 1926.
Also in the Danakil Depression is Erta Ale (Amharic: ኤርታሌ), a shield volcano, and the most active volcano in Ethiopia. It also appeared in the 2010 movie Clash Of The Titans during Perseus’ journey to the underworld. The name Erta Ale means “Smoking Mountain” in the local Afar language, and the southernmost pit is known locally as “the gateway to hell”.