Well, it indeed means "I want to eat", but this is also the most idiomatic way to say "I'm hungry" in Russian.
No, it's a less common way of saying this. In fact, «есть хочется» sounds somehow desperate for me: as if you don't know if you'll when you'll get to eat.
I'm not sure if it's just me or not (maybe other Russian speakers could comment if they have the same impression), but for me, «хочется» somehow shows the desire for food as something you don't control. So, if you're hungry and will do something about it, I'd use «я хочу есть». But «есть хочется» somehow gives the impression that you're hungry and can't do anything about it.
Russian verbs have several forms. Notably, they have an infinitive (ending in -ть or -ти), and personal forms. Infinitives of the verb 'to eat' is «есть», infinitive of the verb 'to be' is «быть». Infinitive has a lot of uses, notably it's used with all kinds of modal verbs and expressions:
- Я хочу́ есть. 'I want to eat'.
- Я хочу́ быть там. 'I want to be there.'
Note that infinitive is not the main verb of the sentence. The main verb is 'хочу' (its infinitive is 'хоте́ть'), and infinitive is used together with the main verb.
The main verb is used in its personal forms. I'm saying forms, not form, because they usually change to reflect the person doing the action. Хочу́ 'want' is the 1st person singular form, it's used with the pronoun «я» ('I'). You can't use it with pronoun «ты» ('you'), for this you need 2nd person singular form.
Ест is 3rd person singular form of the word «есть». It's used with pronouns «она́» 'she', «он» 'he', and «оно́» 'it'; and also with singular nouns. Other forms of «есть» are these: я ем 'I eat' (1st person singular), ты ешь (2nd person singular), она ест 'she eats' (3rd person singular), мы еди́м 'we eat' (1st person plural), вы еди́те 'you eat' (2nd person plural; also used instead of singular to show respect), они́ едя́т 'they eat' (3rd person plural).
Есть is tricky because it's not just an infinitive, it's also a personal form of the word «быть» 'to be'. However, it's an irregular verb: all its personal forms are есть. So, «я есть» 'I am', «ты есть» 'you are', «она есть» 'she is', «мы есть» 'we are', «вы есть» 'you are', «они́ есть» 'they are'. (In very bookish texts, you could find a rare form «они́ су́ть» 'they are'.) However, the irregularities don't end here: есть is more often omited than used. It's normally only used in sentences when you have 'there is/are' in the English translation. In sentences like „X is Y“, есть is usually omited.
Ест: third person singular conjugation of есть. Он/она ест: “he/she is eating.”
Есть: infinitive form, to eat. Я хочу есть, “I want to eat.” Note that “I want” is conjugated, while “to eat” remains static.
Examples of conjugation + static infinitive: Они хотят есть. Он хочет есть: They want to eat. He wants to eat. Я хочу спать. Анна хочет спать. I want to sleep. Anna wants to sleep. Я люблю петь. Папа любит петь. I love to sing. Dad loves to sing. So when used this way, the infinitive does not change form no matter which number or person it is used with.
Есть: conjugated, irregular form of the infinitive быть. У меня есть яблоко, literally, “By me there is an apple,” actual translation, “I have an apple.”
Быть: infinitive, to be.
This is correct too, and this is closer to the English sentence grammatically, but I feel it's used much less often than the English sentence. «Я хочу́ есть» sounds more like something I'd normally say. I don't know if there is a regional difference.
Also note that feminine form is «Я голодна́». In colloquial speech, I'd normally use the full forms of the adjectives («Я голо́дный» / «Я голо́дная»).
In this context, no, that's incorrect. Here, Есть means "to eat"
You're thinking of the phrase "У [noun/pronoun] есть...." In that context, есть is 3rd person singular and plural of the verb/infinitive быть (to exist, to be)
In the exercise sentence, есть is the infinitive meaning "to eat".
They are spelled the same, but mean entirely different things. That sort of thing happens in English, too.
I wanna eat uses a word that is not really a word - wanna. While you will very frequently hear English speakers (especially Americans) say wanna, the correct words to use are want to. We use wanna from a simple wish to not put forth the effort to form the t - t sounds in want to. It is easier to run the words together, take out the t's, and convert the ooh sound of to to an uh sound. In other words, we speak quite lazily. ;)
While generally acceptable and usually unnoticed in spoken English, you will want to use want to in written communication, since wanna is extremely informal in writing. Text messages to friends - no problem for you to use wanna. School papers or letters to people you wish to make a good impression on - not such a good idea to use wanna. Hope this helps. Cheers, dear
English does have its share of run together phrases. My old Russian instructor told us the story of his first encounter (1970's) with an American in Moscow. The American used a word he could never figure out. It wasn't till he emigrated to the US and a decade later he finally understood, "oliveus" wasn't an actual word but "all of us" is.
No, that would be «Я хочу быть».
After «хочу́» we use the infinitive form. «Есть» when it means existence is not an infinitive, it's a present tense form.
Here's a table, hope it helps:<pre>
Present tense Infinitive 'to be, to exist' есть/есть/есть/есть/есть /есть быть 'to eat' ем /ешь /ест /едим/едите/едят есть</pre>
Есть is an unique verb because it doesn't change in the Present tense! Long ago, this used to be a normal verb (я есмь, ты еси, он(а) есть, мы есмы, вы есте, они суть), but есть has replaced all the other forms nowadays. Most other forms disappeared. Only суть is sometimes used, but it's used in very formal texts (and even there it can be safely replaced by есть).
However, after хочу you use not the present tense, but infinitive.
Wow! Very informative, thank you!
In English we certainly have homophones, homonyms, and homographs, but it seems odd to me that two verbs that are so key to the human experience (to be and to eat) would share the same word, one in the present and one in the infinitive.
Is there an interesting story behind this or is it "just one of those things"?
It's just a coincidence. In fact, before 1917, they were written differently, ѣсть 'to eat' and есть 'is'. And in XVIII century they were pronounced differently.
Because есть is a personal form 'am, are, is', while after 'want' you use infinitive бы́ть 'to be'.
Just like 'I want am' is wrong in English, so is «я хочу́ есть» 'I want to be' is wrong in Russian. It can only mean 'I want to eat' because «есть» is an infinitive meaning 'to eat'.