Ы You say in world like (I)taly - Италия. Rusian ascent in English is read i like И, but English people say Ы, not i. But you say И in worlds like I (ea)t sandw(i)ch, (E)vening. My English it's not so good. I just study. But I try to explain what the difference in sound Ы and И. I hope what it's help somebody.
Personally, as a polish speaker (which also has both of those sounds since it's a slavic language), I noticed that when pronouncing Ы, I just say И with the tongue moving to the back of the mouth and that's the only thing that changes between the two sounds. Idk if that can help when learning but I thought it would be relevant I guess lol
If it helps, typically, all nominative plurals end with 'ы'. HOWEVER, if a noun ends with one of these: г, к, х, ж, ч, ш, щ, your plural noun will end with an 'И' instead. That is the exception.
Examples: Кошка -- Кошки (cat female -- cats female) Банк -- Банки (bank -- banks) Нож -- Ножи (knife -- knives) Мост -- Мосты (bridge -- bridges) Пицца -- Пиццы (pizza -- pizzas)
стол (stol) [stol] m inan (genitive стола́, nominative plural столы́, genitive plural столо́в) table; board, fare, cuisine; department, section; throne": From Proto-Slavic *stolъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *stálan (“table; seat, chair”), from Proto-Indo-European *sth₂-e-lo-m, from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂- (“to stand [up]”). Related to English stool and stand, Latin: stabulum ("dwelling"), Lithuanian stálas ("table"), Albanian kështallë (“crutch”), Ancient Greek στήλη (stḗlē, “block of stone used as a prop or buttress to a wall”) and also to Russian стул (stul, “chair”, via Germanic).
What other Russian words would add more clarity to help distinguish between the English words "table" and "desk"? Would it be a matter of adding a word for context, such as "kitchen table" or "office desk", or are there synonyms in Russian to стол/столы that would add some context or clarification?
Previously стол и столы translated to table and tables, not desk and desks. I put in tables and it didn't accept it. I guess this shows that the word столы is interchangeable, but then if so, either answer should be accepted. There isn't any other context to suggest it's a desk and not a table.
This is as of February 2020.
I put "where's the tables" and it was marked wrong, i see it's a common issue from comments.
However, perhaps it's bc its grammar is off, for mine at least: it should be "are" due to the plurality.
Still understanding is demonstrated due to pluralizing "tables", and besides "where're" is a cumbersome contraction, and i have this compulsion to use as many contractions as i can lol
Regardless I'm here to learn Russian in this lessen, not English grammar. Mine should be deemed acceptable
Hmm, it's certainly finding that could be discussed. I personally don't think it should be accepted, because good grammar should always be used in a language-centred program. I guess it would be up to contributors whether or not this should be added as a correct answer.
I do agree that "where're" is absurd; those words should not be contracted.
what's wrong with this app i wrote tables before and it did take it correct and now wrong both answers are correct and secondly are you drinking examples how am i supposed to know corret answer either ты or вы ? thirdly, this app gives too much advertising and this bother me