clutter: i love this program, but i am beginning to think this sentence is here to drive me crazy - or refuse to practice. it is repeated two or three times in every practice! if i ever get to russia, i will have this one under my belt.
я́йца is the plural form of яйцо́, "an egg"
Neuter nouns change their last vowel from О (or Е) to А (or Я) in plural. Яблоко is an exception, its plural being яблоки.
Just to note: хлеб, молоко и яйца are all in nominative case. In English, they would be deemed predicate nominatives.
It's not that simple. Есть can have two main meanings:
- A present form of 'to be' which is usually omitted in a modern language but is used in some expressions, notably: "У [somebody] есть [something]". Literally this means "There is [something] that is owned by [somebody]" buy usually it is translated as "[somebody] has [something]"
У меня есть мечта - I have a dream = There is a dream owned by me.
- An infinitive of 'to eat'
Я люблю есть по ночам - I like eating at night.
- There is also the third meaning: Есть! is a standard answer to a military order, like: 'Yes sir!'
Ест is a single 3rd form of 'to eat'
Он/Она/Оно ест - He/She/It eats.
Generally masculine and feminine plurals end in ы/и and neuter plurals end in а/я but there are many exceptions.
It's not really supposed to be used in English, either, but I use it anyway. because it often makes much more sense to separate all the elements in a list. I never quite understood why you'd separate all the items with commas, except the last two. Sometimes, not using it can create ambiguity or even embarrassing statements, like: "The things I like about my family are my children, cat, wife and dog."
lack of an oxford comma cost a company 5 million https://www.cnn.com/2018/02/09/us/dairy-drivers-oxford-comma-case-settlement-trnd/index.html
its the difference between listing 3 separate things (the US president, a racist, and a misogynist) and describing one (the US president, a racist and a misogynist)
I think the word "есть" in a declaratory sentence is used when the speaker wants to emphasize the declared fact either postively or negatively he/she was asked about. So, the correct answer should be "We DO have bread, milk and eggs." But, I shall welcome any counter-argument if I'm wrong, of course.
Nothing I've seen in the lessons supports your idea. I think you have to realize that у нас есть is a very idiomatic expression. It literally means "By/near us (there) exists/is....". That is quite far away from the English statement "we have", but the English is essentially what the Russian means, hence the highly idiomatic translation.
It may be that in informal or colloquial Russian, they drop the есть in positive declaratory statements, but I don't think that that is "good" grammar, at least from what I've learned so far.
And certainly, in negative statements, it can be dropped: У нас нет....
Why aren't хлеб, молоко и яйца in the accusative case, since they are the objects of the sentence?
They are. Its is just that for neuter and inanimate masculine nouns its is no different that the base form. Here is the chart for банан, for example:
This masculine-zero-ending rule covers the usage of all plurals as well. The Accusative plural form is the same as the Genitive plural for all animate nouns (e.g., Я люблю кошек)—and the same as Nominative plural for all inanimate nouns (e.g., Я купил бананы).
ONLY the singular мама-type nouns have a unique Accusative form (e.g., мама→маму, кошка→кошку, Мария→Марию) that is unlike any other form.
Should I be concerned that in almost every speech exercise I get some (not every) и redded out? Is this happening to everyone? Just occasional bad speech processing by the software? It doesn't seem difficult to pronounce and I feel like the app is gaslighting me.
I put "y nas est' khleb, moloko i yaitsa" and it told me est' was incorrect. Why?
I use http://translit.net/ to type cyrillic. No need to install keyboard.
The English to Russian transliteration is buggy. If you're going to learn Russian I would highly recommend you install the Cyrillic keyboard and start learning it.
True. It works for me. Before I found out I could type in Russian, it was really hard.
because нас means "us", and наш means "our".
You're trying to use a possessive pronoun when you need to use a regular pronoun. у нас means "by us", while у наш means "by our", which is wrong.
Почему в этом приложении зачастую вопросительные предложения звучат, как утвердительные, а утвердительные, как вопросительные? Интонация нужна правильная! Это же русский язык!
Russian is written in Cyrillic, so you can't write in Russian without using it.