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  5. "She has a bicycle."

"She has a bicycle."

Translation:У неё есть велосипед.

December 1, 2015



Why not "она есть велоципед"?


The format for "having" something is very idiomatic and formal (at least so far): "у [possessor] есть [thing possessed]" This literally means "by/at/near [possessor] exists/is [thing possessed]" Your sentence would mean "She exists bicycle", which doesn't make any sense. The Russian idiom means "By her is a bicycle" = "she has a bicycle"

Under Russian rules of grammar, the [possessor] has to be in genitive case because it is the object of the preposition "у".

она = "she" is nominative case, and её is genitive for "her" (it's changed to неё because у has a vowel sound.)

In English, you wouldn't say "by she", you'd say "by her" - which an actual change of case in English.

NOTE: Sometimes, pronouns beginning with a vowel have an н = "n" added to the front when they follow a preposition which ends with a vowel. I'm not yet sure yet what the exact rules are. That's why it's "у неё" instead of "у её".

Here's a table of personal pronouns in nominative and genitive case. Sorry that the table is kind of messy - I can't figure out how to enter tabs in Duo, and this version of the discussion-section software doesn't allow spreadsheet-style tables.

English - Nom - Genitive
I, Me - Я - Меня
You - Ты -Тебя
He, Him - Он - Его/него
She, Her - Она - Её/неё
It - Оно - Его/него
We, Us - Мы - Нас
You - Вы - Вас
They, Them - Они - Их/ниж


So I'm guessing Вы/вас = "you all" since "you" is on there twice?


Yes, вы/вас is plural you, and it's also the formal singular and plural "you" as well.


Very informative but at my level its blown my mind. Im sure ill come back to it. Thanks.


Большое спасибо .Это большой помогает


i think that means 'she is a bike'' :-)


I think 'she's a bicycle' should be 'она велосипед'. Correct me if I'm wrong please even if that sentence doesn't make any sense or it could if there were some fictional personalization of a bicycle.


This seems really similar to typing: "does she have a bicycle?". Does the meaning of the sentence change with how the words are enunciated or am I missing a word to change between "she has a bicycle," and "does she have a bicycle?"


The difference is in tone of the last word. In questions tone goes up a bit.


How can I learn when it does not show answers in russian? Where i can find information about how to write " est' " because it is not "ест" . пожолуста по руски-спосибо.


There is a switch at the top left that changes the writing into Russian's alphabet. Click that.

And the Russian spelling is "Есть". The apostrophe represents "ь" in the transliteration.


Thanks a lot! :) I have missed that small thing.


I forgot to put in есть but still got it right. Why? Other times , I have left it out and gotten dinged.


Why does it have the неё? What's the meaning of that?


So far as I've learned, when a pronoun beginning with е or и follows a preposition ending an a vowel sound, then н is added at the front of the pronoun, for pronunciation purposes. У has a vowel sound, so н is put in front of её to make неё


Actually, any pronoun that begins with a vowel gets an N at the beginning when it's an object of a preposition(eg с ними). However, if it's a possessive pronoun, it won't get an N(eg у её брата)


I always forget the ' while typing, this should not be a mistake. Thank you.


You really should learn how to write in Cirillyc alphabet.


Thank you, Dav7nn. Any advise to do this with the usual keybord (ABC.....)?


I would recommend, to help you learn, get small blank stickers to put on your keys and write the cyrillic characters on them. This will help you remember which keys are which.


If you mean qwert keyboard, it is just download it.


If you're using the latin alphabet then that ' is really needed. It represents a letter in cyrillic.


I put она у неё есть велосипед. It was marked wrong. Isn't there a valid use-case when you're referring to a specific she? Like "she doesn't have anything; (other) she has a bike". Doesn't really come across in English without gestures.


Did you copy/paste your answer here, because that's correct.


Why is "У неё есть велосипед" correct? I thought "есть" was used when the existence of the noun comes into question? Wouldn't it just be "У неё велосипед."?


у нею эсть вэлосипэд... why is this incorrect? And what is the difference between ё and ю ?


ю = you sound. ё = yo sound. I'm not an expert, just from what I picked up.


I wright "U nee est' velosiped" like the translation but it say i'm wrong because of the " ' ". When i put the " ' " it's wrong, when the " ' " is not here it's wrong too. What should I do


i cant type russian so i cant pass!


Windows 10 Russian Mnemonic Keyboard

Unfortunately, I don't know how to load an image of a keyboard with the Russian-English equivalents set out here, so this is the best guide I have been able to come up with.

I suggest that English speakers use the Russian Mnemonic keyboard. Identical letters such as a, e, m, and o occupy the same keys in both languages. Russian equivalent letters with characters which differ from their Engish counterparts in form but not function occupy the English letter equivalent to the Russian character: the Russian “i” = “и” is entered in Russian text by pressing the “i” key on your keyboard. Similarly, the Russian “r” = “р” is entered by pressing the “r” on the keyboard. [This text is being written using [Windows key + SpaceBar] to move easily back and forth between keyboards.]

Some Russian letters have no direct English equivalent, and must simply be learned. Pressing English “x”, for example, produces Russian “ж” and English “w” produces Russian “ш”.

In order to enable the Russian Mnemonic keyboard, first you will have to load the Russian language module in Control Panel/Languages/add a language. When the Module is loaded, return to Control Panel/Languages/ Русский and click on options. Inside options, click on add an input device. From the list of keyboards that appears, select Russian – Mnemonic, then click on “add”. When you are returned to the list of languages, click on “save”, then exit Control Panel.

You can switch among keyboards by pressing the Windows button and Space-bar. You also find a keyboard-selection button on the taskbar. In using the Mnemonic keyboard, some Russian letters and pronunciation marks do not appear immediately when the key is pressed, but require the pressing of an additional key or the spacebar in order to appear. You will have to do some trial-and-error to figure this out.

Some Russian characters require the pressing of two keys in quick succession, such as “ju” or "yu" to get “ю”.

In using the following chart, you switch to the Windows 10 Russian Mnemonic keyboard using the Win + Space-bar combination or selecting the Russian Keyboard from the task-bar. You press the key(s) listed under the English Keyboard header to get the Russian letter under the Русский Алфабит (Russian Alphabet)

Identical letters:
Русский Алфавит = English Keyboard

а А = a A
е Е = e E
к К = k K
м М = m M
о О = o O
т Т = t T

Russian equivalents
Русский Алфавит = English Keyboard

б Б = b B
д Д = d D
ф Ф = f F
г Г = g G
л Л = l L
и И = i I
н Н = n N
п П = p P
р Р = r R
с С = s S
у У = u U
в В = v V
з З = z Z

Other Russian Letters
Русский Алфавит = English Keyboard

ы Ы = y Y + Space-bar
ц Ц = c C + Space-bar
х Х = h H
й Й = j J + Space-bar
ш Ш = w W
ж Ж = x X
я Я = q Q or ja JA
щ Щ = sc SC
ч Ч = ch CH
ё Ё = jo JO or yo YO
э Э = je JE or ye YE
ю Ю = ju JU or yu YU

Russian Pronunciation “letters”
Русский Алфавит = English Keyboard**

ь Ь = ’ ”
ъ Ъ = ` ~

«Russian Quotation Marks»
Русский Алфавит = English Keyboard

To enter Russian quotation marks using a PC keyboard, you have to use the Alt Key method: Hold down the Alt and enter a four-digit code using the numeric keypad, then release the Alt key, and the special character appears. The four numbers (including 0 = zero) are “Unicode” numbers which translate according to a universal table of symbols developed by Microsoft.

« = Alt + 0171
» = Alt + 0187

All the Russian characters could be entered this way, using different numbers, but why bother when you can use the Russian keyboards available from Microsoft. Some other symbols:

€ = Alt+0128
¡ = Alt+0161
£ = Alt+0163
© = Alt+0169
ª = Alt+0170 (Feminine Ordinal)
« = Alt+0171 (Left Angle Quote)
» = Alt+0187 (Right Angle Quote)
® = Alt+0174
º = Alt+0186 (Masculine Ordinal)
¿ = Alt+0191
ç Alt+0231
÷ = Alt+0247
§ = Alt+0167
æ = Alt+0230
œ = Alt+0156


How is велосипед pronounces?


why is "У она есть велосипед" incorrect?


With 'У' .. есть.. mostly неё is used to say 'she'. Even though your sentence refers the same thing. It is how the sentence with 'У' .. есть.. usually goes


Because у takes the genitive case, so it would require неё. Она is nominative, so it's never an object


Why is it "У неё есть велосипед." and not "У её есть велосипед.? Is the н added because "её" starts with a vowel?


So... is 'she has' 'у нее есть' or 'у неё есть'?


""у неё ест ,"is the right word, i think.


why not "есть" ?


У неё есть. With the soft т sound at the end.


Thesis not the only instant in which cyrillic characters are needed but are nor available


How can i identify if I'm doing a question or when I'm saying a regular se sentence, is the same in both cases pero when you are speaking, how you do that, with the tone of voice?


Does anyone know how to write the above sentence in latin alphabet? The 3rd word doesn't work "yest" so am puzzled how to write it!

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