Because the direct object must go in front of the verb? Thanks for your help, Luis!
When it's a direct object, yes. When it's an indirect object, it is ALWAYS required.
I don't understand how 'lo', 'le', 'se', 'los', 'las' etc are used at all. Can someone explain?
RoarieG, that link was super helpful! I was not understanding the concept of this until I read through that. Thank you!!
Is it ever okay to say something like "Yo respeto ella" or "Yo respeto Juan"? Or for that matter could you do that with any of these verbs? Or does Spanish not work that way?
When do you put the "a ellas" at the beginning of the sentence, and when do you put it at the end?
I'm no expert but I think you can usually put it either way and the sentence will still make sense, BUT you should put it in the most logical place. In this sentence it makes more sense at the end because you're saying "I respect THEM" so you wouldn't put "a ellas" in the beginning because then it would emphasize them when it shouldn't? But in "A ellas le gusta..." for example, even though you could put "a ellas" at the end, it makes sense to put it in the beginning because the focus of the sentence is really the girls liking something. Maybe I'm just rambling but hopefully that helped you. haha.
Why isn't "I respect the women" or "I respect women" correct? The "a ellas" is for clarity, so why do we drop the clarity in English?
Luís, if we were to translate 'I respect women', would 'yo respeto a las mujeres' be correct?
That was my question as well - I translated the sentence as "I respect the girls" because I felt like the fact that "a ellas" was included meant that my sentence had to include the gender. Evidently NOT - so why was it included?
Daniel - the las here is not the article "the" but the clitic las required for the Direct Object a ellas. It's a rule to use it when your DO is a Pronoun ("them", in this case).
The a before ellas is the "personal a" which has NO English equivalent, and which is required when the DO is a person/pet animal.
Please try to avoid translating word for word and avoid applying English grammar to understand the Spanish sentence construction. They're different languages and each has its own grammatical rules.
That was a typo on my part. I meant to ask if "las respeto" means the same thing.
ok got it... there was really no way to get that from Google's word for word translations
Because the verb "Have" (Tener) or in your case "(yo) tengo" (I have) is not in the original sentence structure so the sentence should not be translated using "have". If the sentence had started out with "Yo tengo..." then you would be correct, but it didn't.
no, I see what you mean - which is what I imagined, really - it's just that "I have respect for them" and "I respect them" mean exactly the same.
Duolingo probably didn't like it that you changed respect - the verb into respect - the noun.
Why do we add the 'a ellas' here? Doesn't the "las" already clarify we are referring to females?
The 'a ellas' is unecessary, right? Isn:'t that the purpose of using 'las'?
So, to clarify, the "personal a" used here is not literally "to"? But you use it anyway because "they" are the direct object? And that only applies with people? Like, you wouldn't say "yo los respeto a perros" but "yo los respeto perros"?
Wouldn't it capture more of the meaning to say something like, "I respect the women?" In English no gender is implied in "them" so we lose that reference of the original if we translate it as above.
Does the structure, "I them respect to them", distinguish this from, "I show others respect for them"?
If I am giving respect to them, then why not use the indirect object pronoun les? If I said "I give to them", would that not use les? What's the distinction? Thank you!
Them is the direct object of respect. The direct objects are los and las. Therefore "Yo las respeto" is correct. If you want to say "I give respect to them" the verb is now "give" and "respect" is the direct object. The sentence in Spanish would be "Les doy respeto." In that case, you would use the indirect object les.
I'm having a hard time with getting pronouns in the correct order. Would "yo él respeto" mean "I respect him"
The Spanish personal pronouns are: yo (I), tú (you), usted (you formal), él (he), ella (she), nosotros/nostras (we), ustedes (you plural), ellos/ellas (they)
The Spanish direct object pronouns are: me (me), te (you), lo (him/it), la (her/it), nos (us), los/las (them. formal you)
You can see that your semtence translates as "I respect he." In "I respect him," I is the subject and him is the direct object of the verb respect.
To say I respect him, the sentence should be "(Yo) lo respeto." You probably would not use the yo because it is the only choice with the verb form respeto.