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Esperanto basis

People keep saying that Esperanto is easy to learn, is that because all places in North America and most parts of Europe speak some sort of language that served as a basis for Esperanto such as Parler and Etre?

2 years ago

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Vanege
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Zamenhof used the roots that he found most common in European language. But I think the regularity and simplicity or Esperanto grammar makes it more easy than the source of the vocabulary. As HappyEvilSlosh said, the language is agglutinative, so don't actually need to know a lot of words, because you can recreate the words you are missing, based on the actual meaning.

2 years ago

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Yep, it's predominantly based on Romance and German languages. It's also agglutinative which seems to be thought of as easier to learn.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ethan001

What does agglutinative mean?

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/kopolee11

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agglutinative

A simple way to think of it is building larger words with smaller parts. For example, hundo means dog, while hundo + id equals hundido which means puppy. And hundo + id + in equals hundidino which means a female puppy. Theoretically you can keep building up many words from the original stem of "hundo".

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/valid_character

Esperanto uses a system to create words, which makes the vocabulary much simpler to learn.

In English, a shepherd raises sheep. The young sheep are lambs, and the meat of sheep is mutton.

In Esperanto, those words are ŝafisto, ŝafoj, ŝafidoj, and ŝafaĵo.

For pigs, the corresponding words are porkisto, porkoj, porkidoj, and porkaĵo.

(Meanwhile, in English, the corresponding words are swineherd, pigs, piglets, and pork. If you then learn about cows and expect cowlets to be the word for young cows, you've guessed wrong. The esperantist, however, has zero difficulty forming bovidoj after learning the word for cow, bovo.)

2 years ago

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