"The child plays with its lunch."
Translation:Das Kind spielt mit seinem Mittagessen.
So I'm confused. When the animal is eating the bread (das Tier) it's ihrem Brot. When the kid (das Kind) it's seinem Mittagessen. I thought that the gender of the doer decides the pronoun, not the gender of the object, that determines the end. Can somebody pls clarify? Thanks
Why is seinem appropriate here but not ihrem? I thought "its" could be translated to either.
In this case you use "seinem" because "das Kind" is singular and neuter. You would use "ihrem" if you use the plural, e.g. Die Kinder spielen mit ihrem Mittagessen.
Can you really say "its lunch" about a child in English? You would say that in German, but in English, I would have expexcted "his lunch". Otherwise, it sounds like the child is considered as an animal. Note: I am not an English native.
'it's lunch' could be used in certain circumstances in English, eg if we do not at all know the child or its gender and it is not relevant to the narration.
Otherwise, you're right. You'd take a guess at using his or her as soon as you have enough information to do so. 'it's lunch' certainly has a de-personifying effect and would reflect poorly on the speaker as well.
All the cases can be remembered mentally by using "rese nese mrmn srsr." 'rese' is the ending letters of the nominative articles: der(masculine) die(feminine) das(neuter) and die(plural). 'nese' is the ending letters of the accusative: 'den-die-das-die.' 'mrmn' is dative: 'dem-der-dem-den.' 'srsr' is genitive: 'des-der-des-der.' As long as you remember it as 'masculine-feminine-neuter-plural' you won't get confused. Look at the bottom of this link: http://www.nthuleen.com/teach/grammar/nomakkdatexpl.html
Whats the difference between seinen, seiner, and seinem .. anything ending in en , er , and em ???
In the dative case the endings are: Masc - em Fem - er Neut - em Plural - en :)