Any tips on Irish sentence order?
One of the harder parts of Irish is the order of words in the sentences, like instead of "The boy reads the newspaper" it's put together like "Newspaper Boy reads the" or similar to that. Any tips, rule of thumbs, or sentence rules? I will reward Lingots to those who help :)
For simple sentences the word order in Irish is Verb - Subject - Other (either the object of the verb, or an adverb telling you time or location etc.)
So "The boys reads the newspaper" would be<pre>
Léann an buachaill an nuachtán. Reads the boy the newspaper.</pre>
The basic thing to get used to is that in simple sentences the verb will come first and the person doing the action will come immediately after, then comes the thing receiving the action (if that's what is happening) or the word to describe when or where the action happened.
Other examples would be: "The day is nice."<pre>
Tá an lá go deas. Is the day nice</pre>
"Julie came yesterday."<pre>
Tháinig Julie inné. Came Julie yesterday</pre>
"I was sick."<pre>
Bhí mé tinn. Was I sick.</pre>
If you want to say a negative or ask a question you put the negating or question word at the beginning.
"Bram does not eat meat."<pre>
Ní itheann Bram feoil. Not eats Bram meat.</pre>
"Does the man go out?"<pre>
An dtéann* an fear amach? Does go the man out?</pre>
*(Here, as often, the question word changes the shape of the verb)
Edit Isn't it nice that within 20 minutes of asking for help there were four responses? Duolingo can be such a friendly place.
Generally, it's V-S-O. The verb comes first, followed by the subject, then the other stuff.
That's the best way to think of it for now, barring the copula. But it does get easier with practice.
It does seem to be quite irregular at first, but with practice it gets easier and easier. Don't give up!
For the most part, Irish is a Verb-Subject-Object language, whereas the standard sentence structure for English is Subject-Verb-Object, so in your example it would look like "reads(V) the boy(S) the newspaper(O)." But with the copula (is), it's more like Copula-Predicate-Subject so the sentence "I am a boy" would be ordered more like "Am a boy I"
Verb-Subject-Object. Reads the boy the newspaper. Léann an buachaill an nuachtán.