Duolingo is the most popular way to learn languages in the world. Best of all, it's 100% free!

https://www.duolingo.com/FlynnCowan

Any Serbian speakers?

Hey, sorry to be annoying by posting something that doesn't have to do with any language offered by duo, but...

Can anyone explain the Serbian cases to me? I'm am amateur (especially with cases) so I'm really lost :)

I'll also give 20 lingots to anyone with an amazing, easy-to-undrstand-but-also-in-depth answer. Or if you have any sources, please link.

Thanks :)

2 years ago

6 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/daymx1

I'm a Bosnian speaker, Serbian and Croatian are literally the same language with similar grammatical rules so:

There are seven cases in Serbian (Bosnian and Croatian too): Nominativ, Genetiv, Dativ, Akuzativ, Vokativ, Instrumental and Lokativ.

Nomanitv answers the questions "Ko? Šta?", "Who? What?", as in "Ko je to? Ahmed" "Šta je to? Medvjed"

Genetiv answers "Koga? Čega?", "Who? What?" as in "Koga nema? Ahmeda" "Čega nema? Medvjeda"

Dativ answers "Kome? Čemu?", "To whom? To what?" as in "Kome dajem? Ahmedu" "Čemu dajem? Medvjedu"

Akuzativ answers "Koga? Šta?", "Who? What?" as in "Koga mrzim? Ahmeda" "Šta mrzim? Medvjeda"

Vokativ does not answer any question, it is when you are calling someone, as in "Hej, Ahmede!" "Hej, medvjede!"

Instrumental answers "Skime? Ščime?" "With who? With what?" as in "Skim se igram? Sa Ahmedom" "Sčime se igram? Sa Medvjedom"

Lokativ answers "O kome? O čemu?" "About who? About what?" as in "O kome pričam? O Ahmedu" "O čemu pričam? O medvjedu"

Hope this can help. Živio!

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Lexi_Paloma
Lexi_Paloma
  • 25
  • 25
  • 25
  • 25
  • 2

Hello. Well, it's very hard to explain all 7 cases of Serbian language in one answer. :) But I will send you the links, I think you will find the answers there. Good luck with your studies. :) https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Serbian/Grammar http://www.studyserbian.com/proba/grammar/Nouns_Dative_Case.asp

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Faalke

Hi Flynn, this is completely off topic, but I'm back!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/FlynnCowan

Jeez, it's been like two months! You still in Greenland?

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Faalke

Yes, unfortunately :(

But I think I am moving soon! Most likely to Norway, but we've also been discussing the UK.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/gityl
gityl
  • 14
  • 10
  • 10
  • 10
  • 7
  • 3

Oh well, I wish you good luck on this one... ^^

Even the natives often don't get it. And that's not my opinion - many natives told me by themselves. An answer I heard many times was "Oh, I don't care - I speak it in the way I think it's right."

Because there are so many dialects in these countries there are many different ways to speak. And if you listen carefully to "your" natives you will find differences from the stuff you had learned in the books.

Therefore i'm lost there too. The Key is to speak a lot with different natives. So you may will be able to round it all up. And at least for the beginning the cases are just too complex and hindering from greater success.

But I know that there are some natives here, too - and maybe some of them can explain at least the basics. Do search for the serbo croatian course topic - there were some of them which you may can ask.

2 years ago