"La carte" may be translated as 1) map, 2) card, 3) menu (the kind that the waiter gives you in a restaurant). Do not confuse "le menu" (a list of the dishes to be served as part of a meal) with "la carte", the full selection of all dishes available for order (i.e., usually printed out and provided to the restaurant customer for making a choice).
You may be thinking of (FR) « le plan » which is the word used for a map of a small area, e.g., a city (plan de ville), or of a large building. Large areas such as a region of a country, the whole country, etc., "map" will be "carte". Be aware that "carte" may also be used for "card" (carte de crédit = credit card, carte à jouer = playing card) or a menu (the printed card/folder that the waiter gives you which lists all the selections which may be ordered « à la carte » (from the menu). Many learners confuse the FR "menu" with "carte". They are not the same thing.